Burgon and the Barnabas ECW ref

Steven Avery

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Bruce Metzger agrees that Barnabas knew of 1 Timothy 3:16.
The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance (1997)
Bruce Manning Metzger
Again, the statement that according to Old Testament prophets it was ordained that the Lord was to 'be made manifest in the flesh' (v. 6) may echo the first line of what is often taken as an early creedal statement preserved in 1 Tim. iii. 16, 'He was manifested in the flesh, vindicated in the Spirit, etc.'
Since Barnabas has about three quotes that are referenced in this context, and these have been used frequently as evidence for the specific text in his hand, my suggestion is to look at all the Barnabas allusions to 1 Timothy 3:16 as one unit. And this should be able to help us know if his text was "God" or "who" or "which". Perhaps not definitively, however we should be able to get to the allusion level.
1 Timothy 3:16 (AV)
And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness:
God was manifest in the flesh,
justified in the Spirit,
seen of angels,
preached unto the Gentiles,
believed on in the world,
received up into glory.
However, at the moment I am a little rushed to put in details
Your thoughts welcome.
Steven Avery
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Quotations from Barnabas​

In the Epistle, it is written, ἴδε πάλιν Ἰησοῦς, οὐχὶ υἱὸς ἀνθρωπου, ἀλλὰ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, τύπῳ δὲ ἐν σαρκὶ φανερωθείς.[1] “Behold again Jesus, not son of man, but Son of God. And he was, in a figure, manifest in the the flesh.” He afterward proceeds to quote Psalm 110:1, “The LORD said to my Lord, sit on my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”

And again, ἔτι δὲ καὶ τοῦτο, ἀδελφοί μου· εἰ ὁ κύριος ὑπέμεινεν παθεῖν περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς ἡμῶν, ὢν παντὸς τοῦ κόσμου κύριος ᾧ εἶπεν ὁ θεὸς ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου· Ποιήσωμεν ἄνθρωπον κατ’ εἰκόνα καὶ καθ’ ὁμοίωσιν ἡμετέραν· πῶς οὖν ὑπέμεινεν ὑπὸ χειρὸς ἀνθρώπων παθεῖν; μάθετε. οἱ προφῆται, ἀπ’ αὐτοῦ ἔχοντες τὴν χάριν, εἰς αὐτὸν ἐπροφήτευσαν· αὐτὸς δέ, ἵνα καταργήσῃ τὸν θάνατον καὶ τὴν ἐκ νεκρῶν ἀνάστασιν δείξῃ, ὅτι ἐν σαρκὶ ἔδει αὐτὸν φανερωθῆναι. “There is yet this also, my brethren; if the Lord endured to suffer for our souls, though He was Lord of the whole world, unto whom God said from the foundation of the world, ‘Let us make man after our image and likeness,’ how then did He endure to suffer at the hand of men? Understand ye. The prophets, receiving grace from Him, prophesied concerning Him. But He Himself endured that he might destroy death and show forth the resurrection of the dead, for that He must needs be manifested in the flesh[2] Here he makes Christ equal to God, and declares His manifestation in the flesh.

[1] Epistle of Barnabas, 12.10. Greek ed. Lake; English adapted from the translation of J.B. Lightfoot.
[2] Epistle of Barnabas, 5.5, 6. Greek ed. Lake; English ed. J.B. Lightfoot.