Adultery view rejected

Steven Avery

๐ˆ๐ญ ๐ฆ๐š๐ฒ ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ฉ๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ž ๐ฆ๐š๐ง๐ฒ ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ง๐ฌ ๐ญ๐จ๐๐š๐ฒ ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐ง๐ž๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ ๐ก๐ž๐š๐ซ๐ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐š๐ง ๐š๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ง๐š๐ญ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ฏ๐ข๐ž๐ฐ ๐›๐ฎ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐ž ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐š๐ฅ๐ฐ๐š๐ฒ๐ฌ ๐›๐ž๐ž๐ง ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ง ๐ฆ๐ž๐ง ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ฐ๐จ๐ฆ๐ž๐ง ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฃ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐€๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ. ๐ˆ๐ง ๐ฆ๐ฒ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ๐ž๐š๐ซ๐œ๐ก ๐ˆ ๐ฐ๐š๐ฌ ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐Ÿ๐ข๐ง๐ ๐ข๐ง๐๐ข๐ฏ๐ข๐๐ฎ๐š๐ฅ๐ฌ ๐Ÿ๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ ๐ž๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐œ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐ฌ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ญ๐ข๐ฆ๐ž ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐‰๐ž๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ฌ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ข๐ฌ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฐ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ˆ ๐ฐ๐จ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ ๐ฅ๐ข๐ค๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐จ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ ๐š๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐Ÿ๐ข๐ง๐š๐ฅ ๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐จ๐ง ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ฅ๐ž๐ ๐ฆ๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฃ๐ž๐œ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐€๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ ๐ข๐ง ๐Ÿ๐š๐ฏ๐จ๐ซ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐…๐จ๐ซ๐ง๐ข๐œ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ. ๐ˆ ๐ญ๐ก๐ข๐ง๐ค ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ข๐ญ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ข๐ง๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ , ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ฐ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ๐ก ๐ง๐จ๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ , ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ฌ๐จ๐ฆ๐ž ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ฌ๐ž ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž ๐๐ข๐ ๐›๐ž๐ฅ๐ข๐ž๐ฏ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ซ๐ง๐ž๐ข๐š ๐ข๐ง ๐Œ๐š๐ญ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ฐโ€™๐ฌ ๐ž๐ฑ๐œ๐ž๐ฉ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐œ๐ฅ๐š๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ž ๐ฐ๐š๐ฌ ๐ซ๐ž๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ๐ซ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ญ๐จ ๐š๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ, ๐ฒ๐ž๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ฒ ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐๐ข๐ ๐ง๐จ๐ญ ๐ฎ๐ง๐๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ๐ญ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฉ๐š๐ฌ๐ฌ๐š๐ ๐ž ๐ญ๐จ ๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ๐จ๐ฐ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฆ๐š๐ซ๐ซ๐ข๐š๐ ๐ž ๐š๐Ÿ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ ๐š ๐๐ข๐ฏ๐จ๐ซ๐œ๐ž.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ‘ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ฎ๐๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐†๐จ๐โ€™๐ฌ ๐–๐จ๐ซ๐ ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐Ÿ๐ข๐ง๐๐ฌ ๐ก๐ข๐ฆ๐ฌ๐ž๐ฅ๐Ÿ ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐๐จ๐ฎ๐›๐ญ๐ฌ ๐š๐›๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฏ๐š๐ฅ๐ข๐๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐€๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ ๐œ๐š๐ง ๐›๐ž ๐š๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ก๐ž ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ซ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐๐ž๐ ๐›๐ฒ ๐ฆ๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ง๐ฌ ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐ฌ๐ก๐š๐ซ๐ž๐ ๐ก๐ข๐ฌ ๐๐จ๐ฎ๐›๐ญ๐ฌ.

๐‰๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ง ๐Œ๐š๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ๐ซ (๐œ.๐Ÿ๐ŸŽ๐ŸŽ-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ“๐€๐ƒ) And, โ€œWhoever shall marry her that is divorced from another husband, commits adultery.โ€ And, โ€œThere are some who have been made eunuchs of men, and some who were born eunuchs, and some who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heavenโ€™s sake; but all cannot receive this saying.โ€ So that all who, by human law, are twice married, are in the eye of our Master sinners, and those who look upon a woman to lust after her.144

๐‡๐ž๐ซ๐ฆ๐š๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐ฅ. ๐œ.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐ŸŽ๐€๐ƒ) And I said to him, โ€œSir, if any one has a wife who trusts in the Lord, and if he detect her in adultery, does the man sin if he continues to live with her?โ€ And he said to me, โ€œAs long as he remains ignorant of her sin, the husband commits no transgression in living with her. But if the husband knows that his wife has gone astray, and if the woman does not repent, but persists in her sin, and yet the husband continues to live with her, he also is guilty of her crime, and a sharer in her adultery.โ€ And I said to him, โ€œWhat then, sir, is the husband to do, if his wife continues in her vicious practices?โ€ And he said, โ€œThe husband should put her away, and remain by himself. But if he put his wife away and marry another, he also commits adultery.โ€145

๐‰๐ฎ๐๐ข๐œ๐ข๐ฎ๐ฆ ๐‚๐ฅ๐ž๐ฆ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ฌ (๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ‘๐€๐ƒ)172 If any man sends away his lawful wife and marries another, he is to be excommunicated by Christians, even if the first wife consentโ€ฆIt is not lawful for separation to take place in the case of a lawful marriage unless there is the consent of both, so that they may remain unmarried. 173

๐“๐ก๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ก๐ข๐ฅ๐ฎ๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐ฅ. ๐œ. ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐ŸŽ-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ๐€๐ƒ) โ€œAnd he that marries,โ€ says [the Gospel], โ€œher that is divorced from her husband, commits adultery; and whoever puts away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causes her to commit adultery.โ€ Because Solomon says: โ€œCan a man take fire in his bosom, and his clothes not be burned? Or can one walk upon hot coals, and his feet not be burned? So he that goes in to a married woman shall not be innocent.โ€146

๐€๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ง๐š๐ ๐จ๐ซ๐š๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐ฅ. ๐œ. ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ•๐€๐ƒ) For we bestow our attention; not on the study of words, but on the exhibition and teaching of actions, โ€” that a person should either remain as he was born, or be content with one marriage; for a second marriage is only a specious adultery. โ€œFor whoever puts away his wife,โ€ says He, โ€œand marries another, commits adultery;โ€ not permitting a man to send her away whose virginity he has brought to an end,147 nor to marry again. 148

๐‚๐ฅ๐ž๐ฆ๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐€๐ฅ๐ž๐ฑ๐š๐ง๐๐ซ๐ข๐š (๐. ๐œ. ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“๐€๐ƒ) Now that the Scripture counsels marriage, and allows no release from the union, is expressly contained in the law, โ€œYou shall not put away your wife, except for the cause of fornication;โ€ and it regards as adultery the marriage of those separated while the other is alive149โ€ฆThe Church cannot marry another, having obtained a bridegroom; but each of us individually has the right to marry the woman he wishes according to the law; I mean here first marriage. 15

๐‚๐ฅ๐ž๐ฆ๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐€๐ฅ๐ž๐ฑ๐š๐ง๐๐ซ๐ข๐š (๐. ๐œ. ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“๐€๐ƒ) A divorced woman cannot even marry legitimately; and if she commits any such act without the name of marriage, does it not fall under the category of adultery, in that adultery is crime in the way of marriage? Such is Godโ€™s verdict, within narrower limits than menโ€™s, that universally, whether through marriage or promiscuously, the admission of a second man to intercourse is pronounced adultery by Himโ€ฆSo true, moreover, is it that divorce โ€œwas not from the beginning,โ€ that among the Romans it is not till after the six hundredth year from the building of the city that this kind of โ€œhard-heartednessโ€ is set down as having been committed. But they indulge in promiscuous adulteries, even without divorcing their partners: to us, even if we do divorce them, even marriage will not be lawful. 151

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐€๐ซ๐ฅ๐ž๐ฌ (๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’๐€๐ƒ) Of those who discover their wives in adultery and are young Christians and are forbidden to marry, it was determined that they be most strongly advised not to take other wives while their own live, though they be adulterous. 152

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐„๐ฅ๐ฏ๐ข๐ซ๐š (๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’๐€๐ƒ) A Christian woman who has left an adulterous Christian husband and is marrying another is to be forbidden to marry; if, however, she has already remarried, she is not to receive communion before the death of the man whom she has left, unless mortal sickness
compels it.153

๐†๐ซ๐ž๐ ๐จ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐๐š๐ณ๐ข๐š๐ง๐ณ๐ž๐ง (๐œ.๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐€๐ƒ) For I think that the Word here seems to deprecate second marriage. For, if there were two Christs, there may be two husbands or two wives; but if Christ is One, one Head of the Church, let there be also one flesh, and let a second be rejectedโ€ฆNow the Law grants divorce for every cause; but Christ not for every cause; but He allows only separation from the whore; and in all other things He commands patience.154

๐€๐ฆ๐›๐ซ๐จ๐ฌ๐ž ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐Œ๐ข๐ฅ๐š๐ง (๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘-๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ•๐€๐ƒ) Therefore, the right to marry is given to you, lest ye fall into a snare and sin with a strange woman. Ye are bound to your wife; do not seek release because you are not permitted to marry another while your wife lives. 155

๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ฒ๐ฌ๐จ๐ฌ๐ญ๐จ๐ฆ (๐œ.๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ•-๐Ÿ’๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ•๐€๐ƒ) โ€˜Let her remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband.โ€™....โ€˜What then if he will never be reconciled?โ€™ one may ask. You have one more mode of release and deliverance. What is that? Await his death. For as the (consecrated) virgin may not marry because her Spouse always lives, and is immortal; so to her who has been married it is then only lawful [to remarry] when her husband is dead.156

๐€๐ฉ๐จ๐ฌ๐ญ๐จ๐ฅ๐ข๐œ ๐‚๐š๐ง๐จ๐ง๐ฌ (๐œ.๐Ÿ’๐ŸŽ๐ŸŽ๐€๐ƒ) 157 If a layman divorces his own wife, and takes another, or one divorced by another, let him be suspended.158

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐Œ๐ข๐ฅ๐ž๐ฏ๐ž (๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐€๐ƒ) 159 According to the evangelical and apostolic discipline it is decreed that neither a man who is put away by his wife, nor a woman put away by her husband, may marry another, but that they must either abide so, or be reconciled to each other.160

๐ˆ๐ง๐ง๐จ๐œ๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐ˆ (๐. ๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐€๐ƒ) It is manifest that when persons who have been divorced marry again both parties are adulterers. And moreover, although the former marriage is supposed to be broken, yet if they marry again they themselves are adulterers, but the parties whom they marry are equally with them guilty of adultery; as we read in the gospel: He who puts away his wife and marries another commits adultery; and likewise, He who marries her that is put away from her husband commits adultery. Therefore all such are to be repelled from communion.161

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐‚๐š๐ซ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ ๐ž (๐š.๐ค.๐š. ๐€๐Ÿ๐ซ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ง ๐‚๐จ๐๐ž, ๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐€๐ƒ) 162 It was determined that, in accordance with Evangelical and Apostolic discipline, neither a man put away by his wife nor a woman put away by her husband may be united to another; but let them remain so, or be reconciled to each other.163

๐‰๐ž๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ๐ž (๐œ.๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ’๐ŸŽ-๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ๐ŸŽ๐€๐ƒ) The apostle has thus cut away every plea and has clearly declared that, if a woman marries again while her husband is living, she is an adulteress. You must not speak to me of the violence of a ravisher, a motherโ€™s pleading, a fatherโ€™s bidding, the influence of relatives, the insolence and the intrigues of servants, household losses. A husband may be an adulterer or a sodomite, he may be stained with every crime and may have been left by his wife because of his sins; yet he is still her husband and, so long as he lives, she may not marry another. 164

๐€๐ฎ๐ ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ž ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐‡๐ข๐ฉ๐ฉ๐จ (๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ’-๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ‘๐ŸŽ๐€๐ƒ) It cannot be correctly affirmed either that the husband who puts away his wife because of immorality and marries another does not commit adultery. For there is adultery, also, on the part of those who marry others after the repudiation of their former wives because of immoralityโ€ฆIf everyone who marries another woman after the dismissal of his wife commits adultery, this includes the one who puts away his wife without the cause of immorality and the one who puts away his wife for this reason. 165

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐€๐ง๐ ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ (๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ‘๐€๐ƒ) 166 They who abuse the name of marriage by taking women [as their wives] whose husbands are living shall be excommunicated.167

๐…๐ข๐ง๐ง๐ข๐š๐ง (๐š.๐ค.๐š. ๐•๐ข๐ง๐ง๐ข๐š๐ง, ๐•๐ข๐ง๐ง๐ข๐š๐ง๐ฎ๐ฌ, ๐…๐ข๐ง๐ข๐š๐ง, ๐.๐œ.๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ“๐ŸŽ๐€๐ƒ) If a manโ€™s wife commits immorality and cohabits with another man, he ought not to take another wife while his wife is alive.168

๐€๐๐š๐ฆ๐ง๐š๐ง (๐œ.๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’-๐Ÿ•๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ’๐€๐ƒ) Of a wife who is a harlot, thus the same man explained, โ€œThat she will be a harlot, who has cast off the yoke of her own husband, and is joined to a second or a third husband; and her husband shall not take another [wife] while she livesโ€ฆโ€169

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐๐š๐ง๐ญ๐ž๐ฌ (๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ–๐€๐ƒ) If a manโ€™s wife has committed adulteryโ€ฆlet him send away his wife, if he willโ€ฆBut her husband may not on any account take another wife while she lives.170

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐‡๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ๐ (๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ‘๐€๐ƒ) Concerning Marriage: That none but lawful matrimony be allowed to any; That no man contract an incestuous marriage; That none quit his own wife, except (as the holy Gospel teaches) on account of fornication; That supposing any to have expelled his own wife united to him in lawful matrimony, if he choose to be a Christian indeed, he must connect himself with no other woman, but must so abide, or be reconciled to his own wife.171

๐„๐œ๐œ๐ฅ๐ž๐ฌ๐ข๐š๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ฅ ๐‹๐š๐ฐ๐ฌ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐Š๐ข๐ง๐  ๐‚๐ง๐ฎ๐ญ (๐š.๐ค.๐š. ๐‚๐š๐ง๐ฎ๐ญ๐ž, ๐Š๐ง๐ฎ๐, ๐œ.๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ’-๐Ÿ๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ“๐€๐ƒ) We enjoin, and charge, and command, in Godโ€™s name, that no Christian man do ever take a wife of his own kin within the sixth degree of relation, nor the widow of a kinsman so nearly related to him, nor of the kindred of a wife whom he formerly had, nor of his sureties at baptism, nor a consecrated nun, nor a divorced woman, nor practice any unlawful copulation. Let no man have more than one wife, and let her be a wedded wife, and let him remain with her only, so long as she lives, if he will rightly observe God's will, and secure his soul against hell flames.191

๐•๐ž๐ง๐ž๐ซ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐๐ž๐๐ž (๐œ.๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ-๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ“๐€๐ƒ) Therefore is there only one carnal cause, fornication: one spiritual cause, the fear of God for which a wife may be dismissed. But there is no cause prescribed by the law of God that another wife may be taken, while she is alive who has been abandoned. 174

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐“๐ซ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ฅ๐จ (๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐€๐ƒ)175 She who has left her husband is an adulteress if she has come to another, according to the holy and divine Basil, who has gathered this most excellently from the prophet Jeremiahโ€ฆhe who leaves the wife lawfully given him, and shall take another is guilty of adultery by the sentence of the Lord.176

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐’๐จ๐ข๐ฌ๐ฌ๐จ๐ง๐ฌ (๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐€๐ƒ)177 We ordain thatโ€ฆno one take the wife of another while her husband is living, and that no woman take another husband while her own is living; because a husband ought not to send away his wife except for the cause of discovered fornication.178

๐™๐š๐œ๐ก๐š๐ซ๐ข๐š๐ฌ (๐. ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ๐€๐ƒ) Concerning a layman repelling his wife from the canon of the holy apostles, chapter 48: If any layman repelling his own wife has taken another or one dismissed by another, let him be deprived of Communion179โ€ฆConcerning those who dismiss their wives or husbands, that they remain thus: from the African Council above mentioned in chapter 69 it is thus contained: it was resolved that according to evangelical and apostolical discipline, neither a man dismissed by his wife, nor a woman dismissed by her husband, may be joined to another; but that they so remain or be mutually reconciled.180

๐„๐ฑ๐œ๐ž๐ซ๐ฉ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐„๐ ๐›๐ž๐ซ๐ญ (๐.๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ”๐€๐ƒ) Augustine says, โ€˜If a woman commits immorality she is to be dismissed; but another is not to be married while she is alive.โ€™ Wherever, then, there is immorality, and a just suspicion of immorality, the wife may be freely dismissedโ€ฆAccording to the Evangelical discipline, neither let a wife, dismissed from her husband, take another man, the former living; nor a husband another woman; but let them so remain, or be reconciled. Augustine says: โ€˜If a woman commits immorality she is to be relinquished, but another must not be taken so long as she lives.โ€™181

๐’๐ฒ๐ง๐จ๐ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐€๐š๐œ๐ก๐ž๐ง (๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐€๐ƒ) Also it was decreed in the same (African Council) that neither a wife, dismissed by a husband, may take another husband, while her own husband is alive, nor a husband take another wife, while his first wife still lives.182

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐…๐ซ๐ข๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ข (๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐€๐ƒ) Though the bond of marriage be broken for the cause of immorality, a man may not marry another wife as long as the adulteress lives, though she be an adulteress; and the adulteress shall never marry another husband.183

๐’๐ข๐ฑ๐ญ๐ก ๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐๐š๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ (๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐€๐ƒ) And those who marry other wives when their own have been sent away for the cause of immorality are to be marked as adulterers by the judgment of the Lord.184

๐‚๐š๐ง๐จ๐ง ๐‹๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐๐ž๐ง๐ž๐๐ข๐œ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐‹๐ž๐ฏ๐ข๐ญ๐ž (๐œ.๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ•๐€๐ƒ) That during the lifetime of husband or wife neither of them be united in another marriageโ€ฆAnd if she has committed immorality, and her husband desires it, she is to be dismissed, but another wife may not be taken in marriage during her lifetime, because adulterers will not possess the kingdom of God, and her penitence is to be accepted.185

๐‹๐š๐ฐ๐ฌ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐๐จ๐ซ๐ญ๐ก๐ฎ๐ฆ๐›๐ซ๐ข๐š๐ง ๐๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ๐ฌ (๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ“๐ŸŽ๐€๐ƒ)186 If any man dismiss his lawful wife [while she is] living and marry another, let him want Godโ€™s mercy unless he make satisfaction for it; but let every one retain his lawful wife so long as she lives, unless they both choose to be separated by the bishopโ€™s consent and are willing to preserve their chastity for the future.187

๐“๐ก๐ž ๐๐ž๐ง๐ข๐ญ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐€๐ซ๐œ๐ก๐›๐ข๐ฌ๐ก๐จ๐ฉ ๐ƒ๐ฎ๐ง๐ฌ๐ญ๐จ๐ง (๐œ. ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ‘๐€๐ƒ) He that relinquishes his wife [for any reason] and takes another woman breaks wedlock. Let none of those rights which belong to Christians be allowed him, either during life, or at his death, nor let him be buried with Christian men: and let the same be done to a [delinquent] wife: and let the kindred that were present at the contract [of the second marriage] suffer the same doom, except they will first be converted, and earnestly make satisfaction.188

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐„๐š๐ง๐ก๐š๐ฆ (๐Ÿ๐ŸŽ๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ—๐€๐ƒ) And let it never be, that a Christian man marry within the relationship of 6 th persons, in his own kin, that is within the fourth degree; nor with the relict of him who was so near in worldly relationship; nor with the wifeโ€™s relation, whom he before had had. Nor with any hallowed nun, nor with his god-mother, nor with one divorced, let any Christian man ever marry; 189 nor have more wives than one, but be with that one, as long as she may live; whoever will rightly observe Godโ€™s law, and secure his soul from the burning of hell.190

๐„๐๐ฐ๐š๐ซ๐ ๐‹๐จ๐ฐ๐ญ๐ก ๐๐š๐๐ž๐ฅ๐ž๐ฒ (๐.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ–) We are consequently driven to the second [method of interpreting the exception clause]; and thus are led to conclude, that the supposed exception of cases of adultery from the prohibition of divorce, which has been inferred from St. Matthewโ€™s gospel, is really no exception at all; that the words need not be, and ought not to be, so understood; and that there is no inconsistency between St. Matthew and the other two Evangelists, in recording our Lordโ€™s prohibition.223

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐‘๐ก๐ž๐ข๐ฆ๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ—๐€๐ƒ) [We decree] That no one, having left his lawful wife, may take another.192

๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐†๐ซ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ง (๐.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐ŸŽ) If either the husband has departed from his wife, or the wife from the husband on the ground of immorality, it is unlawful to take another.193

๐๐ž๐ญ๐ž๐ซ ๐‹๐จ๐ฆ๐›๐š๐ซ๐ (๐œ.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ŸŽ๐ŸŽ-๐œ.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ’) The marriage bond still exists between those who, even if departing from one another, having joined themselves to others.194

๐€๐ฅ๐ž๐ฑ๐š๐ง๐๐ž๐ซ ๐ˆ๐ˆ๐ˆ (๐.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ๐€๐ƒ) Marriage is dissolved by the adultery of the wife, but in such wise that neither party may marry again; and if the husband marry another woman, his second marriage is null, and the first marriage, with all its duties and obligations, is restored.195

๐“๐ก๐จ๐ฆ๐š๐ฌ ๐€๐ช๐ฎ๐ข๐ง๐š๐ฌ (๐œ.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ’) Nothing happening after a marriage can dissolve it: wherefore adultery does not make a marriage cease to be valid. For, according to Augustine (De Nup. et Concup. i, 10), โ€œas long as they live they are bound by the marriage tie, which neither divorce nor union with another can destroy.โ€ Therefore it is unlawful for one, while the other lives, to marry again.196

๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐–๐ฒ๐œ๐ฅ๐ข๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ’) And let each man be aware that he procures no false divorce, for money, neither for friendship, neither for enemy; for Christ commands that no man separate them that God has joined; but only for adultery that party that keeps himself clean may depart from the otherโ€™s bed and for no other cause, as Christ himself says. And in this case the clean party has [only] the option to either live chastely for as long as the other [spouse] lives, or else be reconciled again to the other party. 197

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐…๐ฅ๐จ๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐œ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ“) A triple good is found in matrimony. The first is the begetting of children and their education to the worship of God. The second is the faithfulness which each spouse owes to the other. Third is the indissolubility of marriage, inasmuch as it represents the indissoluble union of Christ and the Church. But, although it is permitted to separate on account of adultery, nevertheless it is not permitted to contract another marriage since the bond of a marriage legitimately contracted is perpetual.198

๐€ ๐๐ž๐œ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐š๐ซ๐ฒ ๐ƒ๐จ๐œ๐ญ๐ซ๐ข๐ง๐ž ๐€๐ง๐ ๐„๐ซ๐ฎ๐๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐…๐จ๐ซ ๐€๐ง๐ฒ ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ง ๐Œ๐š๐ง (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ‘)199 Notwithstanding, in marriages lawfully made, and according to the ordinance of matrimony prescribed by God and the laws of every realm, the bond thereof cannot be dissolved during the lives of the parties between whom such matrimony is made.200

๐“๐ก๐ž ๐ˆ๐ง๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ญ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐€ ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐š๐ง ๐Œ๐š๐ง (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ“)201 Notwithstanding in marriages lawfully made, and according to the ordinance of matrimony prescribed by God and holy church, the bond thereof can by no means be dissolved during the lives of the parties between whom such matrimony is contracted. 202

๐€๐ง๐ ๐ฅ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ง ๐‚๐š๐ง๐จ๐ง๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ‘)203 In all Sentences for Divorce, Bond to be taken for not marrying during each otherโ€™s Life. In all sentences pronounced only for divorce and separation a thoro et mensa,204 there shall be a caution and restraint inserted in the act of the said sentence, That the parties so separated shall live chastely and continently; neither shall they, during each other's life, contract matrimony with any other person. And, for the better observation of this last clause, the said sentence of divorce shall not be pronounced, until the party or parties requiring the same have given good and sufficient caution and security into the court, that they will not any way break or transgress the said restraint or prohibition. 205

๐‹๐š๐ง๐œ๐ž๐ฅ๐จ๐ญ ๐€๐ง๐๐ซ๐ž๐ฐ๐ž๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”) First, I take the act of adultery doth not dissolve the bond of marriage; for then it would follow, that the party offending would not, upon reconciliation, be received again by the innocent to former society of life, without a new solemnizing of marriage, insomuch as the former marriage is quite dissolved, which is never heard of, and contrary to the practice of all Churchesโ€ฆ in my opinion, second marriages (where either party is living) are not warranted by the word of God. 206

๐ˆ๐ง๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ญ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ž๐ฌ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐‹๐š๐ฐ๐ฌ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐„๐ง๐ ๐ฅ๐š๐ง๐ (๐…๐ข๐ซ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐๐ฎ๐›๐ฅ๐ข๐ฌ๐ก๐ž๐ ๐ˆ๐ง ๐…๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ ๐๐š๐ซ๐ญ๐ฌ, ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’)207 There be two kinds of divorces, the one that dissolveth the marriage a vinculo matrimonii; 208 as for precontract, consanguinity, &c. and the other a mensa et thoro; 209 as for adultery, because that divorce by reason of adultery, cannot dissolve the marriage a vinculo matrimonii, for that the offence is after the just and lawfull marriage.210

๐“๐ก๐จ๐ฆ๐š๐ฌ ๐‚๐จ๐ฆ๐›๐ž๐ซ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ“โ€“๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ—) And if we do well consider the words of our Saviour, we shall find this order of our Church211 to be grounded upon holy Scripture; for though the Jews allowed to Marry again after Divorce for Adultery, yet Jesus correcting this custom, saith, โ€œwhosoever shall put away his Wife, saving for the cause of Fornication, causeth her to commit Adultery; and whosoever shall Marry her that is Divorced, committeth Adultery, Matth. v.32. So that he allows Divorce in no cause but that of Fornication, (which is all that Moses also permits under the name of uncleanness, Deut. Xxiv.1.) but in no case at all doth Christ allow Marriage after Divorce, calling it plainly Adulteryโ€ฆ212

๐ƒ๐š๐ง๐ข๐ž๐ฅ ๐–๐ก๐ข๐ญ๐›๐ฒ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ–-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”) ...I incline rather to take the word [porneia] in its proper sense for fornication committed before matrimony, and found after cohabitation. (1.) Because Christ, speaking of this divorce here and elsewhere, doth never use the world moicheia, which signifies adultery, but always porneia (Matt. v.32), which word, both among Jews and gentiles, doth properly import the sin of unmarried persons lying one with another, and so being made one body (1Cor. vi.16): it is not therefore likely that Christ receded from the known and common acceptation of the word.213

๐‡๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐จ๐ซ ๐ƒ๐š๐ฏ๐ข๐ž๐ฌ ๐Œ๐จ๐ซ๐ ๐š๐ง (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ“โ€“๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ“๐ŸŽ) In the clause of exception it was the undoubted purpose of our Saviour to abridge the facilities of divorce, which the Jews had derived from the word uncleanness in the law of Moses: Deut. xxiv.1. But it is obvious, that if the word porneia be of that general sense and signification in which it is interpreted by Grotius and other expositors [to include sexual immorality in general], the explicit purpose of our Lord is defeated by the ambiguity of his language. His clause of exception, thus largely expounded [to be a catch-phrase for all sexual immorality], cannot be supposed to restrict the licence, which was collected from the Mosaic law. This alone is an insuperable objection to the argument of Selden, that porneia in the use of the Pharisees is equivalent to any uncleanness.214

๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐“๐ก๐จ๐ฆ๐š๐ฌ ๐‹๐จ๐ซ๐ ๐‘๐ž๐๐ž๐ฌ๐๐š๐ฅ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ”) At length, that which appears to be the true doctrine was generally accepted by the Church, that if a woman is guilty of adultery the husband is justified in putting her away from him, but that the marriage nevertheless remains indissoluble. 215

๐‰๐จ๐ก๐š๐ง๐ง ๐‰๐จ๐ฌ๐ž๐ฉ๐ก ๐ˆ๐ ๐ง๐š๐ณ ๐ฏ๐จ๐ง ๐ƒรถ๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐ ๐ž๐ซ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ—-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ) Those who think that, in His two statements about marriage given by Matthew, Christ meant that it was dissolved or made dissoluble by adultery on either side, are compelled (1) to maintain, that the word porneia may mean adultery, (2) to find a ground for its being used in a crucial passage instead of the ordinary word mocheia, (3) to maintain the principle that one act of adultery on either side ipso facto dissolves marriage. These three points require proof. The first assertion must be most emphatically contradicted; porneia always means incontinence in the unmarried, never in the N. T. or Septuagint or in profane authors, adultery...But, supposing porneia could be used for adulterium, that does not explain why Christ, or Matthew, should have used the word, where it was essential to define accurately the one ground for dissolution of marriage. Christ more than once uses moicheia here; why should He suddenly change the word for โ€œfornicationโ€ if He only meant adultery?216

๐‡๐ž๐ง๐ซ๐ฒ ๐๐š๐ซ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐‹๐ข๐๐๐จ๐ง (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ) Moses had allowed a bill of divorcement; but Christ reaffirms, without exception, the original law, โ€œWhat God hath joined together let no man put asunder.โ€ In other words, He proclaims the indissolubility of the marriage tie. Alluding to the Jewish law, He rules that if an unacknowledged act of fornication on the part of the woman had preceded the contract, the apparent tie may be dissolved. I say, the apparent tie; because in reality the contract was vitiated from the first; one of the contracting parties was deceived as to its real terms.217

๐‡๐ž๐ง๐ซ๐ฒ ๐†๐ซ๐š๐ง๐ฏ๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ž ๐‡๐จ๐ฐ๐š๐ซ๐ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ”๐ŸŽ), et al (1857)218 [We protest the bill] 1st, Because the Bill contains provisions authorizing in certain cases divorce a Vinculo Matrimonii of Christian marriage, and is thus in direct opposition to what our Lord has declared both in His own words and in the unvarying teaching of His Church. โ€“Signed Henry Granville Howard, William Bernard Petre, Henry Valentine Stafford Jerningham, George Charles Mostyn, Henry Benedict Arundell, & Thomas Alexander Fraser219

๐’๐š๐ฆ๐ฎ๐ž๐ฅ ๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐›๐ž๐ซ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ๐œ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ‘), et al (1857) [We protest the bill] 1st, Because, in opposition to the word of God, which is embodied in the law of our Church, the Bill sanctions the re-marriage of a divorced husband or wife during the lifetime of the divorced wife or husband. 2ndly, Because in direct contradiction to the plain teaching of our Saviour Christ, the divorced adulteress is permitted to re-marry during the lifetime of her husbandโ€ฆ6thly, Because it will lead to the clergy of the Church of England being required to pronounce the blessing of Almighty God on unions condemned by their Church, and repugnant, as many of them believe, to the direct letter of Holy Writ, and to employ at the unions founded on dissolved marriages, from the Marriage Service of the Church of England, language which is in its plain sense inconsistent with the dissolubility of marriage. โ€“Signed Samuel Wilberforce, Francis Godolphin Dโ€™Arcy Osborne, Walter Kerr Hamilton, Horatio Nelson, John Thomas Freeman Mitford, Otway Oโ€™Connor Cuffe, & Arthur Hill Trevor220

๐ˆ๐ฌ๐š๐š๐œ ๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐š๐ฆ๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐ŸŽ๐Ÿโ€“๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ“) โ€˜What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.โ€™ Here our Lord sets aside the letter of Holy Scripture, in one case, in the passage in Deuteronomy, (which He speaks of as the command of Moses,) on account of the higher law of Christian holiness and perfectionโ€ฆAnd therefore this passage in the book of Genesis not only is spoken, as St. Paul says it is, of the Sacramental union betwixt Christ and His Church, but does also signify that marriage is of itself of Divine sanction, and the union formed of God, and necessarily indissoluble as suchโ€ฆfor if God hath joined, man cannot put asunder. 221

๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐Š๐ž๐›๐ฅ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ”) Therefore among Christians there can be no such thing as Divorce. This argument, being purely scriptural, and its conclusion directly in unison with the Law of the Church of England, seems as if it ought to be well considered, by those especially, who think it their duty to be guided in such matters by Scripture alone, and to admit no authoritative interpretation of Scripture but that of the present English Church.222

๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐š๐ฆ ๐‹๐ž๐Ÿ๐ซ๐จ๐ฒ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ”-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ—) And accordingly the Christian Church has ever held that the mind of Christ is that marriage is indissoluble. Life-long monogamy is the condition supposed and enjoined by Holy Scripture...So far, then, we claim that the teaching of Holy Scripture is the indissolubility of the marriage bond: the union is essential, its duration is permanent.239

๐‚๐ข๐ฏ๐ข๐ฅ ๐‚๐จ๐๐ž ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐‹๐จ๐ฐ๐ž๐ซ ๐‚๐š๐ง๐š๐๐š (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ•๐ŸŽ)224 Marriage can only be dissolved by the natural death of one of the parties; while both live, it is indissoluble.225

๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐š๐ฆ ๐‘๐จ๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐ฌ๐จ๐ง ๐–๐ก๐ข๐ญ๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ ๐ก๐š๐ฆ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ—) You seem not to have observed, in using Matt, v., 32, that our Lord nowhere at any time recognizes any right of a woman to divorce her husband; nor to have remembered that adultery being punished with death under the Jewish law (so that, as Beza and Wells observe, the case of divorce for actual adultery could never legally occur), the word porneia should most probably be understood restrictively of ante-nuptial unchastity discovered after marriage. 226

๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐‡๐ž๐ง๐ซ๐ฒ ๐๐ฅ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ๐Ÿ‘-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ’) Thus our Lord confirmed the permission of the Mosaic law in this particular because of the unforgiving character of the Jewish disposition,โ€” โ€˜the hardness of their hearts,โ€™โ€”but He did not extend the permission to any other case than that of ante-nuptial unchastity, or โ€˜fornication.โ€™ And thus He swept away at one stroke all those pretences, falsely grounded on the Mosaic law, under which the Jews had so freely used โ€˜bills of divorcement.โ€™227

๐‹๐š๐ฐ ๐‚๐จ๐๐ž ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐‚๐ก๐ข๐ฅ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ‘) Divorce does not dissolve marriage, but merely suspends the joint life of the parties.228

๐‚๐ข๐ฏ๐ข๐ฅ ๐‚๐จ๐๐ž ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐€๐ซ๐ ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ž ๐‘๐ž๐ฉ๐ฎ๐›๐ฅ๐ข๐œ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ‘) The divorce sanctioned by this Code consists only in personal separation of the married couple without the dissolution of the bonds of matrimony229โ€ฆA legal marriage can only be dissolved by the death of one of the contracting parties.230

๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐š๐ฆ ๐„๐ฐ๐š๐ซ๐ญ ๐†๐ฅ๐š๐๐ฌ๐ญ๐จ๐ง๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ—-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ–) But we need not shrink from adducing positive ground to show that no permission of re-marriage is here givenโ€ฆthe supposed exception of St. Matthew is no exception at all so far as concerns the case of re-marriage, but is a simple parenthesis; while the tenor of the passage is restored to perfect harmony and clearness, and St. Matthew stands in entire unison with the other Evangelists.231

๐๐ž๐ญ๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐“๐จ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐†๐ž๐ง๐ž๐ซ๐š๐ฅ ๐‚๐จ๐ง๐ฏ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐๐ซ๐จ๐ญ๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ๐š๐ง๐ญ ๐„๐ฉ๐ข๐ฌ๐œ๐จ๐ฉ๐š๐ฅ ๐‚๐ก๐ฎ๐ซ๐œ๐ก (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ–) We, the undersigned, bishops and clergy of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United Statesโ€”being persuaded that any canon of our church on the question of marriage and divorce ought to be consistent with the words the priest must use when he solemnizes holy matrimony, according to the service contained in the Prayer-Bookโ€”do hereby declare it to be our conviction that any legislation on this subject in the way of an amendment to our present canon ought to be based on the following principles: 1. That the marriage law of the church is clearly set forth in the marriage service, namely, that Christian marriage consists in the union of one man with one woman until the union is severed by death. 2. That this law does not permit the marriage of any person separated by divorce, so long as the former partner is living, whether such person be innocent or guilty.(โ€“Signed by 19 bishops and 1,541 priests) 232

๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐š๐ฆ ๐‚๐ซ๐จ๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ฐ๐ž๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐ƒ๐จ๐š๐ง๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐Ÿ‘) โ€ฆI hold the view that by the teaching of Holy Scripture the marriage bond is indissoluble, that separation is permitted in one case only, but that no remarriage is possible under any conditions. 233

๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐š๐ฆ ๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐Š๐ง๐จ๐ฑ ๐‹๐ข๐ญ๐ญ๐ฅ๐ž (๐œ.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ—-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–) If our Lord had said, โ€œWhosoever shall put away his wife, except for the cause of adultery, causeth her to commit adultery,โ€ no question could have been raised as to His meaning; in fact, if our Lord meant moicheia, why, in a crucial passage, did He go out of His way to say porneia? This question has never been answered, and, to my mind, never can be. Those who try to build teaching upon an apparent exception, to the neglect of the plain assertions of the New Testament, are obliged to use a plain word in a sense which it does not bear, to neglect the whole bearing of the passage, and to treat our Lordโ€™s utterances, and those of His great Apostle, as being quite inconsistent with one another. I maintain, therefore, that the teaching of the English Churchโ€”following the tradition of the Western Church, and the best traditions of the early Eastern Churchโ€”as to the absolute indissolubility of the marriage bond except by death, is entirely consonant with the plain meaning of the words of our Lord.234

๐€๐ณ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐š ๐’๐ญ๐ซ๐ž๐ž๐ญ ๐Œ๐ž๐ž๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ ๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ”-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ”)235 I. To marry a second companion while a former lives is adultery--sin--and is forbidden (Mark 7:2,3; 10:11,12). II. To marry a person who has a living companion is adultery--sin--and is forbidden (Matt. 5:23; Luke 16:18; 1 John 3:4). 1. The above is the law of Christ, and sin is the transgression of the law (1 John 3:4)...III. Men who have a knowledge of the teachings of Christโ€™s law regarding marriage, and then with that knowledge marry a second living companion, or a divorced wife or husband while their former companion lives, wilfully transgress the law and are guilty before God of sin--adultery--and must forsake their sin (1 John 1:9; 3:4). If we confess our sins He will pardon us. All such unscriptural marriages must be dissolved to get clear from the sinful state of adultery (Prov. 28:13; Isa. 1:16, 17; Gal. 5:19-21; 1 Cor. 6:9, 10.) IV. If men entered the unscriptural marriages, even though ignorant of the written law, yet condemned by the law of their conscience, such are not clear before God (Rom. 2:12, 14- 16)โ€ฆUnder the New Testament, no court on earth should dissolve the marriage relation (Mark 10:2-9; Matt. 19:5-6). 6. Under the New Testament, husband and wife are bound together for life. Death alone severs the marriage tie. 7. Under the New Testament, there is but one cause for which a man can put away his wife. 8. After a man has lawfully put away his wife, or a wife has lawfully put away her husband, they are positively forbidden to marry again until the former companion is dead (Mark 10:11, 12; Luke 16:18; Rom. 7:2, 3)236

๐‹๐š๐ฆ๐›๐ž๐ญ๐ก ๐‚๐จ๐ง๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐œ๐ž ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ– When an innocent person has, by means of a court of law, divorced a spouse for adultery, and desires to enter into another contract of marriage, it is undesirable that such a contract should receive the blessing of the Church. 237

๐Œ๐จ๐ซ๐ ๐š๐ง ๐ƒ๐ข๐ฑ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ–) In the Church there have been, from of old, a stringent and a less stringent view. The stringent rule is this: that, though the married may be separated so as to live apart when they can not live together in peace, yet are they still man and wife; and no new matrimonial relation can be formed. They may come back to each other; to strange flesh they can not go. And I think that must have been what the Lord meant, and that it ought to be the rule of the Church.238

๐‡๐ž๐ซ๐›๐ž๐ซ๐ญ ๐Œ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ๐ข๐ฆ๐ž๐ซ ๐‹๐ฎ๐œ๐ค๐จ๐œ๐ค (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘โ€“๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ—) Such, then, are the circumstances under which Christ spoke on the subject of divorce, and we submit that, when carefully considered, His words leave little doubt that in what He intended to apply to the Christian Church, He gave no sanction to any divorce which was supposed to carry with it a right to marry again, before at least death had severed the bond; but maintained for all its members the absolute indissolubility of the marriage tie.240

๐†๐ž๐ง๐ž๐ซ๐š๐ฅ ๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐€๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ž๐ฆ๐›๐ฅ๐ข๐ž๐ฌ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐†๐จ๐ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐Ÿ)241 Whereas, low standards on marriage and divorce are very hurtful to individuals, to the family, and to the cause of Christ, therefore be it recommended that in the future we discourage divorce by all lawful means and teaching, and that we shall positively disapprove in the future of Christians getting divorce for any cause except for fornication or adultery (Matt. 19: 9); and that we recommend the remaining single of all divorced Christians, and that they pray God so to keep them in purity and peaceโ€ฆAnd as a means of making the above more effective, we further advise our Pentecostal ministry not to perform a marriage ceremony between any believer and a divorced person whose former companion is still living. 242

๐Ž๐ฌ๐œ๐š๐ซ ๐ƒ๐š๐ง๐ข๐ž๐ฅ ๐–๐š๐ญ๐ค๐ข๐ง๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ–-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”) The results of the investigations contained in those chapters may be here anticipated in the brief statement that the Divine institution of marriage, as restored in the Christian Church, admits neither Polygamy nor such Divorce as concedes re-marriageโ€ฆFrom what has already been said in previous chapters it will have appeared that the answer which as a result of this investigation we shall feel justified in giving is the answer that marriage is indissoluble in its own essential character, and that divorce from the bond of marriage is always and in every case inadmissible. 243

๐ƒ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐š๐ง ๐‚๐จ๐ง๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—) Notice the word used by Christ in the passages given by St. Matthew. It is porneia, a word certainly used of incontinence in the unmarried; but where is it ever used of incontinence with a single paramour freely consented to by the married woman?...In taking porneia, in the passages in St. Matthew, to exclude โ€œadultery,โ€ we are reading it so as to make Christโ€™s use of language consistent with itself, agreeing with the use of St. Matthew xv. 19 and St. Mark vii. 21. Here we have the two words contrasted; and the same contrast between โ€œfornicatorsโ€ and โ€œadulterersโ€ is found in Hebrews xiii. 5. Whenever Christ meant more than mere โ€œfornication,โ€ either moicheia or achatharsia is joined to it. And the same is true of all New Testament writersโ€ฆIf Christ meant by porneia to include adultery as well as fornication discovered after marriage, why did He not use both words conjointly as He usually did? Besides, no Greek scholar has ever yet suggested that porneia was the exact synonyme of moicheia; even our opponents hold that it includes ante-nuptial unchastity. 244

๐–๐š๐ฅ๐ค๐ž๐ซ ๐†๐ฐ๐ฒ๐ง๐ง๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ) But putting these arguments aside as non-essential or inconclusive, the one supreme fact that stands out as strongly and clearly in S. Matthew as in S. Mark and S. Luke is that โ€œwhosoever shall marry any woman that is divorcedโ€ (a single word in the Greek, apolelumenen), whether for fornication or any other cause, โ€œcommitteth adultery.โ€ But if the bond is really broken by adultery, fornication, or any other cause, it follows logically that both parties are free. In that case however a difficulty arises as to why our Lord should forbid remarriage to the guilty party, as He does, while He allows it by His silence, as some would contend, to the innocent. The only possible explanation of this apparent inconsistency is that the inference from His silence is wrong. The bond is not broken, but only profaned; neither party is free, and the prohibition applies equally to both innocent and guilty.245

๐‡๐ž๐ง๐ซ๐ฒ ๐„๐๐ฐ๐ข๐ง ๐’๐š๐ฏ๐š๐ ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ—) In dealing with it however our Lord did not range Himself with any of the disputantsโ€ฆHe taught that divorce in itself is a breach of the marriage bond, and therefore on no account allowable, except only for the one cause specified in the Law. That cause was prenuptial unchastity. 246

๐‰๐ž๐ซ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐Œ๐ข๐ฅ๐ž๐ฌ ๐‡๐ฎ๐ฆ๐ฉ๐ก๐ซ๐ž๐ฒ (๐›. ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ-๐.๐ฎ๐ง๐ค.) Every honest and level-headed Bible reader will agree that Matt. 19:9 is the only passage in the whole Bible that seems to give grounds for divorce parties to remarry. Of course Matt. 5:32 gives grounds to put away the unclean party, but does not say either party can marry again. We also agree that it does not say they cannot. But the Bible says so in four or five other places which we will mention later. We often meet people who say that Mark, Luke, Romans and I Corinthians are to be read in connection with Matt. 19:9; i. e., the exception is to be recognized in reading those passages. But the safer way, to my mind, would be to accept the testimony of the three writers in preference to accepting the testimony of one against the three. Jesus says, โ€œIn the mouth of two or three witnesses every word is established.โ€247

๐‚๐จ๐ง๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ญ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐’๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก ๐‚๐š๐ซ๐จ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐š (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ“-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ—) Divorces from the bonds of matrimony shall not be allowed in this state.248

๐…๐ซ๐ž๐๐ž๐ซ๐ข๐œ ๐‡. ๐‚๐ก๐š๐ฌ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ‘-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“) Now I venture to say that, when a Jew read the exceptive clause in St. Matthew, a passage in Deuteronomy would at once have come into his mind. It is there (Deut. xxii. 13-21) provided that, if a man marries and after marriage discovers that the woman is not a virgin, he may make his accusation against her known. If (according to the evidence prescribed) โ€œthis thing be true,โ€ then the woman shall be stonedโ€ฆChrist, then, if this interpretation be true, substituting nullification of the marriage for stoning, allowed that, if a woman had committed fornication before marriage, her husband might put her away. In my judgment, this is the natural and most probable interpretation.249

๐‰๐š๐ง๐ž ๐–๐š๐ฅ๐ค๐ž๐ซ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ—-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ–) Divorce and subsequent re-marriage in pre-Reformation days were only allowed on grounds existing before the contract was entered into. (There seems good reason for the belief that our Lordโ€™s words as recorded by St. Matthew refer to prenuptial unchastity.)250

๐๐š๐ฎ๐ฅ ๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ฅ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ’-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ)
The exceptive clauses in S. Matthew undoubtedly refer to the discovery at
marriage that the betrothed has not been faithful, and in no way refer to
adultery after marriage, nor permit divorce with remarriageโ€ฆ(1) The
word used in both these passages is โ€œfornicationโ€ and not โ€œadultery.โ€ (2)
Those who first heard or read the Gospel would know quite well that the
clause referred to prenuptial sin in one who was espoused.251

๐…๐ซ๐ž๐๐ž๐ซ๐ข๐œ๐ค ๐‚. ๐†๐ซ๐š๐ง๐ญ (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ-๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ’)
Porneia is simply not adultery but fornication, i.e. either โ€œharlotryโ€ or pre marital sexual is still clearly affirmed that to put away
oneโ€™s wife and marry another it to commit adultery; the only apparent
exception is when the charge of harlotry or fornicationโ€”i.e. โ€œpre-martial
sex experience,โ€ as we call itโ€”has been proved.252

๐†๐ฅ๐ž๐ง๐ง ๐†๐ซ๐ข๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ข๐ญ๐ก (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ’โ€“๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ”)
Some say that if husband or wife commits adultery, he or she is dead to
the innocent party, who then is free to marry again. NO, friend, the death
that releases those bound by the marriage relation is not a theoretical,
typical, or symbolic death; but it is a genuine physical death. And just as
we are freed from the law of sin only by the death of Christ (Rom. 7:4), so
we are freed from the law of marriage only by the death of our

๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ข๐š๐ฆ ๐…๐ข๐ฌ๐ก๐ž๐ซ-๐‡๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ๐ž๐ซ (๐›.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ—-๐.๐ฎ๐ง๐ค.)
Believing the crux in the whole case of a Christian getting a divorce on
the ground of adultery is wrapped up in the misuse of one word
โ€œfornicationโ€ I have gone to great lengths to show that when the term is
interpreted in the light of the statute of divorce as given by Moses and by the rule of accumulative evidence, it cannot honestly be made to mean adultery. 254

๐‚๐จ๐๐ž ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐‚๐š๐ง๐จ๐ง ๐‹๐š๐ฐ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐“๐ก๐ž ๐‘๐จ๐ฆ๐š๐ง ๐‚๐š๐ญ๐ก๐จ๐ฅ๐ข๐œ ๐‚๐ก๐ฎ๐ซ๐œ๐ก (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ‘)255 A marriage that is ratified and consummated can be dissolved by no human power and by no cause, except death.256

๐’๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ง ๐Œ๐ž๐ง๐ง๐จ๐ง๐ข๐ญ๐ž ๐‚๐จ๐ง๐Ÿ๐ž๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐œ๐ž (๐Ÿ๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ‘) Scripturally, there is nothing which breaks the marriage bond except death. The act of adultery does not dissolve the marriage bond, although it decidedly affects the quality of a marriage relationship and leaves a permanent scar on the persons involved. A legal document called divorce, from Godโ€™s point of view, does not break the marriage bond, else remarriage would not be adultery. Even the conversion of one of two unbelieving married partners does not dissolve the marriage bond. If the unbelieving partner should leave, the marriage bond continues. 257

๐€๐ง๐ ๐ข๐ญ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ง๐จ๐ญ ๐ฃ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ฐ๐ซ๐ข๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ ๐Ÿ๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฉ๐š๐ฌ๐ญ. ๐“๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐ž ๐š๐ซ๐ž ๐œ๐จ๐ง๐ญ๐ž๐ฆ๐ฉ๐จ๐ซ๐š๐ซ๐ฒ ๐ฐ๐ซ๐ข๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐ซ๐ž๐ฃ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐€๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ ๐š๐ฅ๐ญ๐ก๐จ๐ฎ๐ ๐ก ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ข๐ซ ๐›๐จ๐จ๐ค๐ฌ ๐๐จ ๐ง๐จ๐ญ ๐ฌ๐ž๐ž๐ฆ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐›๐ž๐ž๐ง ๐š๐ฌ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐š๐ซ ๐š๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ก๐จ๐ฌ๐ž ๐š๐๐ฏ๐จ๐œ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐€๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ. ๐“๐ก๐ž๐ฌ๐ž ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐๐ž ๐‰๐จ๐ก๐ง ๐‚๐จ๐›๐ฅ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ณ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ– ๐‰๐จ๐ฌ๐ž๐ฉ๐ก ๐–๐ž๐›๐›,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ— ๐‚๐š๐ฌ๐ž๐ฒ ๐–๐ก๐ข๐ญ๐š๐ค๐ž๐ซ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐ŸŽ ๐‘๐จ๐›๐ž๐ซ๐ญ ๐„๐ฉ๐ก๐ซ๐š๐ญ๐š,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ ๐’. ๐…๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ก๐ฎ๐ฆ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ ๐ƒ๐š๐ฏ๐ข๐ ๐„๐ง๐ ๐ž๐ฅ๐ฌ๐ฆ๐š,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ‘ ๐Ž๐ฆ๐š๐ซ ๐„. ๐‹๐ž๐ž,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ’ ๐€๐ซ๐ง๐ž ๐‘๐ฎ๐๐ฏ๐ข๐ง,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ“ ๐๐š๐ซ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐†๐ซ๐ข๐ญ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฌ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ” ๐ƒ๐ข๐ซ๐ค ๐„. ๐“. ๐„๐ฏ๐ž๐ง๐ก๐ฎ๐ข๐ฌ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ• ๐’๐ญ๐ž๐ฉ๐ก๐ž๐ง ๐–๐ข๐ฅ๐œ๐จ๐ฑ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ– ๐‚๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ๐ฅ ๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐ข๐ฌ๐ฆ๐š๐ง๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ—, ๐Œ๐ข๐œ๐ก๐š๐ž๐ฅ ๐–๐ก๐ž๐ง๐ง๐ž๐ง,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐ŸŽ ๐“๐ข๐ฆ ๐‚๐จ๐ซ๐›๐š๐ง,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ ๐๐จ๐› ๐Œ๐ฎ๐ญ๐œ๐ก,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ ๐‰๐จ๐ž ๐…๐จ๐ ๐ฅ๐ž,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ‘ ๐‹๐ž๐ฌ๐ฅ๐ข๐ž ๐Œ๐œ๐…๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ’ ๐‰๐จ๐ฌ๐ข๐š๐ก๐ฌ ๐’๐œ๐จ๐ญ๐ญ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ“ ๐’๐ž๐š๐ง ๐๐จ๐ง๐ข๐ญ๐ญ๐จ,๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ” ๐š๐ง๐ ๐‘๐ข๐œ๐ค ๐…๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐๐ซ๐ข๐œ๐ก๐Ÿ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ• .

๐ˆ ๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ฅ๐ข๐ณ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐š๐›๐จ๐ฏ๐ž ๐ฅ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ช๐ฎ๐จ๐ญ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ ๐ฐ๐š๐ฌ ๐ซ๐š๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ ๐ฅ๐ž๐ง๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐ฒ, ๐ฒ๐ž๐ญ ๐ˆ ๐Ÿ๐ž๐ฅ๐ญ ๐ข๐ญ ๐ง๐ž๐œ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐š๐ซ๐ฒ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐๐ž ๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ข๐ญ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐จ๐ฌ๐ž ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐š๐ซ๐ž ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐๐จ๐ฎ๐›๐ญ๐ฌ ๐š๐›๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐€๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ซ๐ž ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐š๐ฅ๐ฐ๐š๐ฒ๐ฌ ๐›๐ž๐ž๐ง ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฃ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ข๐ง๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฉ๐ซ๐ž๐ญ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐Ÿ๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ญ๐ข๐ฆ๐ž ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐‰๐ž๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ฌ ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ฅ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฉ๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ๐ž๐ง๐ญ. ๐–๐ž ๐ฃ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐๐จ ๐ง๐จ๐ญ ๐ก๐ž๐š๐ซ ๐ฆ๐ฎ๐œ๐ก ๐š๐›๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ ๐š๐ง ๐š๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ง๐š๐ญ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ฏ๐ข๐ž๐ฐ ๐ญ๐จ๐๐š๐ฒ ๐›๐ž๐œ๐š๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐€๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฒ ๐•๐ข๐ž๐ฐ, ๐ฉ๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ๐จ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐›๐ฒ ๐ฆ๐š๐ง๐ฒ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ ๐ฆ๐จ๐๐ž๐ซ๐ง ๐๐ข๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐ญ๐ซ๐š๐ง๐ฌ๐ฅ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ, ๐ก๐š๐ฌ ๐›๐ž๐œ๐จ๐ฆ๐ž ๐ฌ๐จ ๐ž๐ง๐จ๐ซ๐ฆ๐จ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐š๐ซ. ๐๐ฎ๐ญ ๐ค๐ž๐ž๐ฉ ๐ข๐ง ๐ฆ๐ข๐ง๐, ๐ก๐จ๐ฐ๐ž๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ, ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ฃ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐›๐ž๐œ๐š๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ž ๐ฌ๐จ๐ฆ๐ž๐ญ๐ก๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐š๐ซ, ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐๐จ๐ž๐ฌ ๐ง๐จ๐ญ ๐ฆ๐š๐ค๐ž ๐ข๐ญ ๐œ๐จ๐ซ๐ซ๐ž๐œ๐ญ. ๐ˆ๐ง๐๐ž๐ž๐, ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ญ๐ซ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ก ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ซ๐š๐ซ๐ž๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐š๐ซ (๐‹๐ค ๐Ÿ”:๐Ÿ๐Ÿ”).

shared from Kip Williams, source Dan Jennings

Steven Avery

Sharon FitzHenry These are the ones I picked out with a disclaimer in the beginning, to show remarriage was not even allowed by those who believed porneia was adultery.

๐‚๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ฅ ๐Ž๐Ÿ ๐…๐ซ๐ข๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ข (๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ—๐Ÿ๐€๐ƒ) Though the bond of marriage be broken for the cause of immorality, a man may not marry another wife as long as the adulteress lives, though she be an adulteress; and the adulteress shall never marry another husband.183

๐•๐ž๐ง๐ž๐ซ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐๐ž๐๐ž (๐œ.๐Ÿ”๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ-๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ“๐€๐ƒ) Therefore is there only one carnal cause, fornication: one spiritual cause, the fear of God for which a wife may be dismissed. But there is no cause prescribed by the law of God that another wife may be taken, while she is alive who has been abandoned. 174

๐€๐ฅ๐ž๐ฑ๐š๐ง๐๐ž๐ซ ๐ˆ๐ˆ๐ˆ (๐.๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ๐€๐ƒ) Marriage is dissolved by the adultery of the wife, but in such wise that neither party may marry again; and if the husband marry another woman, his second marriage is null, and the first marriage, with all its duties and obligations, is restored.195