Johann Christian Wolf - the "Middleton' grammatical argument

Steven Avery

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Johann Christoph Wolf (1683-1739)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Christoph_Wolf

Leonard Twells (1684?-1742)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Twells

Curae philologicae - Vol 5
Johann Wolf
http://books.google.com/books?id=Gz5BAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA315
p. 293-315
Twells is 300-313 of Wolf -according to Bengel, this can be checked.


A critical examination of the late new text and version of the New Testament; wherein the editor [D. Mace]'s corrupt text, false version, and fallacious notes are censur'd, Part II (1731)
The various Reading examined; most of them improperly so called; neither numerous or momentus enough to serve the Purpose of such collections: The Authorities for Those Readings carelesly transcribed from Dr. Mills, and sometimes fallaciously misrepresented, especially with Regard to the contested Passage of 1 Joh. v. 7.
Leonard Twells
https://books.google.com/books?id=j2R5h3hZXq8C&pg=PA114
p. 114-154

TOC Page
https://books.google.com/books?id=j2R5h3hZXq8C&pg=PP1
The Editor’s Fallacious Notes are censur’d; his Cavils againft the Canon of the New Testament are refuted; the Blunders and Iniquities of his Various Readings are expos’d ; and Justice in particular is done to the Famous Text of i John v. 7. against his partial Representation of that Matter.

The three volumes of Twells contra Mace are available.
Vol One
https://books.google.com/books?id=5MJUDVQxrg0C
Vol Two
https://books.google.com/books?id=j2R5h3hZXq8C
Vol Three
https://books.google.com/books?id=Fh4512wR7toC


Gnomen

II. Not a few of those, who rightly and religiously defend this very expression, are too eager in seeking out and employing supports even of such a kind as have no strength. That has occurred to a distinguished man, Leonard Twells, whose miscellaneous production Wolf has translated from English into Latin, and with a few corrections, has put forth on this passage, pp. 300—313. I read and attentively considered Twells before the publication of my Apparatus : Wherefore, when I proceeded with more of self-distrust than he did, I did not do so without good reason, and I would have the reader imagine that there is matter for deliberation. I am not aware that anything new needs particularly to be supplied : I will mention a few points, which bear upon the subject.
The Grammatical is covered well also in Forster (also citing Burgess)

And Wolf has more, and this pic has interesting references.

Wolfius Middleton Grammatical - see Forster.jpg
Gousset (next post)


Jacob Trigland

============================================

Grantley bibliography and text, regarding Twells, Wolfius and the Middlton argument-

not in RGA
Wolf, Johann Christian. Cura philologica et critica. 5 vols. Basel: Christ, 1741.

(Only covered by Grantley in the origin of "Comma Johanneum")

In RGA
Twells, Leonard. A critical examination of the late new Text and Version of the New Testament. 3 vols. London: Gosling, 1731-1732.

Mace was accused of promoting Unitarianism; moreoever, his careless selection of variants from Mills’ edition and his use of conjectural readings attracted adverse criticism from such figures as the English clergyman Leonard Twells (1684-1742) and the great German biblical scholar Johann David Michaelis (1717-1791).289
289 ... Leonard Twells, 1731-1732 ....

RGA
Middleton, Thomas Fanshawe. The doctrine of the Greek article applied to the criticism and illustration of the New Testament. Ed. Hugh J. Rose. London: Rivington, 1841.

Yet nothing is given by Grantley about the actual Middleton grammatical argument (or his interesting comments, from an equivocal position.

As for the connection of the writings of Leonard Twells being taken from English into the Latin of Wolfius, we should see how this connects, and if it works with the grammar. Bengel is one source.
http://books.google.com/books?id=ywUHAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA1005
 
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Steven Avery

Administrator
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Steven Avery

Administrator
Francis Cheynell - copulative AND - Middleton grammatical argument

(correction: nope, error corrected and print made small.)


Cheynell essentially gives the Middleton grammatical argument in 1650, which may well be the earliest!

The Divine Trinunity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit ; Or the Blessed Doctrine of the Three Coessentiall Subsistents in the Eternall Godhead Without Any Confusion Or Divsion of the Distinct Subsistences, Or Multiplication of the Most Single and Entire Godhead . (1650)
Francis Cheynell
https://books.google.com/books?id=gQE3AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA254

5. The copulative [And] in the beginning of the verse 1 Joh. 5:8 doth very fitly connect the whole seventh verse with the eighth, as they are printed in our ordinary translation.
 
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Steven Avery

Administrator
how Middleton gives the grammatical argument

Thomas Fanshawe Middleton (1769–1822)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._F._Middleton

Panoplist
Review of Griesbach's New Testament
https://books.google.com/books?id=E0oEAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA538

The Monthly Anthology, and Boston Review, Volume 10 (1811)
Review of Griesbach's New Testament
Joseph Steven Buckminster (1784-1812) Unitarian (check this authorship)
https://books.google.com/books?id=LS0AAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA418

Annotations on the Epistles: Being a Continuation of Mr. Elsley's Annotations, and Principaly Designed for the Use of Candidates for Holy Orders, Volume 2 (1816)
James Slade
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015027545311&view=1up&seq=451
https://books.google.com/books?id=pMYKB4YoBtsC&pg=PA441

Scripture testimony to the Messiah (1821)
John Pye Smith
http://books.google.com/books?id=pVMEAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA127
Also
https://books.google.com/books?id=gAE3AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA546

Monthly Repository (1822)
Review - Burgess
https://books.google.com/books?id=vEMFAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA41

Quarterly Review (1822)
https://books.google.com/books?id=LXrQAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA330

Critica Biblica: or, Depository of sacred literature, comprising remarks on the sacred Scriptures
[ed. by William Carpenter].
Graius
https://books.google.com/books?id=AaUCAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA229

For these reasons, then, I conclude, that the disputed passage is necessary on account of the article. To an English reader, perhaps, it would give a tolerable idea of the grounds upon which the argument is founded, if it were translated thus :

“There are three that bear witness in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost,
and these three are one;
and there are three that hear witness on earth, the Spirit, and the Water, and the Blood,
and these three agree in their witness respecting this one.**

Where “this” makes the sentence perfect nonsense, unless some “one” had been mentioned before.
Graius.

An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, Volume 4 (1828)
Horne
http://books.google.com/books?id=y_opAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA480
 
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Steven Avery

Administrator
Theopneustia: The Bible: Its Divine Origin and Inspiration, Deduced from Internal Evidence and the Testimonies of Nature, History, and Science (1859)
Louis Gaussen
https://books.google.com/books?id=GhssAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA192

A good section describing the Middleton grammar argument.

4th (1 John v. 7, 8.)—Instead of—(“There are three that bear witness [in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one ( τὸ "EN); and there are three that bear witness] in the earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood; and these three agree in that one” ( τὸ "EN).

Here, without doubt, there is the most serious variation, and, at the same time, that which is the most justified by the testimony of the manuscripts that have been preserved down to the present day (more than a hundred and forty against three), as well as by the universal silence of the Greek fathers. We should be travelling out of our subject were we to undertake to discuss here the historical testimonies1 and the grammatical considerations that plead, on the contrary, for retaining the old reading. We shall confine ourselves to these two remarks by Bishop Middleton:—

1613223168045.png


1 That of several Latin fathers of the 2d, 3d, 4th, and 6th centuries; that of the Latin Vulgate, more ancient than the most ancient manuscripts of our libraries (supposed to date from the 6th or the close of the 4th century) : and, above all, that of the Confession of Faith publicly presented in 484, by four hundred bishops of Africa, to the king of the Vandals, who, as an Arian, persecuted them, and called on them to give an account of their doctrines.—(See the Dissertations of Mill, Griesbach, Bengel, Wetstein, and Lee.)
.
 
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