Ludwig Schneller gives weak reasons for Sinaiticus as ancient - Ephesus not yet mentioned!

Steven Avery


Konstantin von Tischendorf
3. Controversies over Codex Sinaiticus

What made Tischendorf sure about a production date prior to 350 AD?

Among a very large number of philological details, there were very obvious proofs of the manuscript’s exact age. These were convincing facts (Schneller, 1940):

  1. The monastery of St. Catherine’s had an ancient manuscript stock, judging by its foundation in the 6th century.
  2. The whole document was written in uncials, without any commas, interpunction, nor verses or chapter marks. He discovered many parallels to the oldest Latin version called Itala (end of 2nd century), itself holding many parallels to Syriac Gospel texts, which presumably come very close in time to the original Christian documents. The copyists of Alexandria who reproduced the text had poor Greek language skills and seem to have mechanically copied it as it lay before them. He discovered the end of St. Mark’s Gospel was missing (Chapters 9-20; indicating that it was added later).
  3. In the Sinaitic text of the Pauline epistle to the citizens of Ephesus, the city of Ephesus was not yet mentioned. So he deduced that all Christian communities in Asia Minor were addressed, and the epistle might have been written originally in Ephesus. ( Ephesians )
  4. In the Sinaitic text, the Bethesda healing in St. John’s Gospel is performed without an angel causing a tidal wave in the water. This initial explanation is missing in all early manuscripts, and it likely was added during the 4th century when copyists unfamiliar with the location tried to explain the healing process.
  5. Two documents incorporated here were later excluded from the biblical canon: the apocryphal Barnabas and Shepherd of Hermas; so, he reasoned, Codex Sinaiticus must date prior to the congregations of 364 (Laodicea) and 397 (Carthage), who established the definitive canon of the New Testament. This meant the final production of Codex Sinaiticus was completed prior to 350.
Schneller, Ludwig. 1940. Tischendorf-Erinnerungen Merkwürd. Geschichte e. verlorenen Hs. Leipzig: H.G. Wallmann.

Tischendorf-Erinnerungen: Merkwürdige Auffindung der verlorener Sinaihandschrift
Tischendorf-Erinnerungen: Merkwurdige Geschichte Einer Verlorenen Handschrift

Ludwig Schneller (1858-1953), son-in-law of Tischendorf, married his daughter Angelika (cjab had grandson-in-law)
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Steven Avery


John Gill
The Alexandrian copy, and some others, and the Vulgate Latin version, read, "to all the saints"; whether officers of the church, or private members, whether rich or poor, bond or free, strong or weak believers, of greater or lesser abilities.