manuscript photo gallery

Steven Avery


Well, links to photo galleries anyway.
The idea here is to be able to compare Sinaiticus with other manuscripts also considered ancient.

Some have to be checked, as transcriptions or black and white can make it into some lists:

Seven Important New Testament Uncial Codex Manuscripts

Major Early Uncials of the Gospels: Online Access

Most of this is medieval, 9th century and on, and thus only marginally a comparison piece. It is not so much that there is much of a different in the aging of 1000 years and 1500 years, it is more a difficulty of the viewer, and some differences in techniques. We might want to include two or three from this later period.


Codex Sinaiticus

This is a companion to the comparison of pictures within Sinaiticus

navigating the Codex Sinaiticus Project (CSP) pictures and data

(And some special pictures are in articles, too, like the ink flaked white, or close-up of the Greek of quire numbers.)


Codex Vaticanus

This ms. has almost fully overrwriting, or retracing.
Also: Vaticanus cuts off mid-Hebrews and lacks Revelation, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon.


Blog -Codex Vaticanus (B) Online

Book - Codex Vaticanus B Greek Old & New Testaments Magnificent Color Facsimile



Ephraemi Rescriptus

Ephraemi Rescriptus (might simply be the 1845 Tischendorf transcription)


Codex Bezae



Codex Alexandrinus

First page with Greek text.

"the whiteness of the Codex Alexandrinus" - Jean Marie Stone (1905)


Codex Washingtonianus

ms GA-032

Images of Codex W -- The Gospel of Mark, chapters 1-4. (Word doc, 15 pages)



Codex Claromontanus

Codex Claromontanus

The Scottish Review (1899)
The Royal Library - Jean Mary Stone

"vellum of even so subtle and delicate a texture that even experts have sometimes mistaken it for Egyptian papyrus"



MS 2530 - part of MS Sinai Syr.3 - 5th Century Peshitta Manuscript from St. Catherine's

MS Sinai Syr.3

MS 2530

The monastery of St. Catherine, Mount Sinai (founded by the emperor Justinian I between 527 and 565), where the section of the codex containing Romans 11:6 to Hebrews remains as MS Sinai Syr.3. ... The leaves here were presumably lost from the monastery in the nineteenth century, and may have entered the antiquity markets in Cairo.

(This would have likely been a theft by one of the manuscript hunters in the 1800s known for such heists, Tischendorf was the most active with Catherines, Uspensky is a possibility.)


Evangelium Theodosium from Sinai is often referenced as a white parchment ms.


he Leningrad Codex of the Masoretic Text

[FONT=Arial,Helvetica]The manuscript is a beautiful piece of workmanship written in black ink on thick white parchment and bound in leather"

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Steven Avery

British Library - Digitised Manuscripts

British Library - Digitised Manuscripts

One way to look at this is a century at a time. There is some overlap, and generally I will bypass papyrus and palimpsest.

e.g. up to 400 AD shows 15 ms. - 11 are very yellow papyrus fragments



5th century Add MS 40107 Leaf from the Codex Palatinus -
The Page shown has English Writing - the ms page is a vellum with purple dye

300-899 Add MS 40165 A Cyprian epistles and Old English Martyrology fragments
(Flyleafs in the binding of a 12th century ms)


501 AD to 599AD

6th century-12th century Add MS 5111 Four Gospels (Gregory-Aland 438; Scrivener evan. 438; von Soden ε 241), in two volumes

6th century Add MS 14654 FRAGMENTS Of three manuscripts, containing part of the Martyrdoms of Cursacus, Eleutherius, Philemon, St. Sophia and her daughters, and St. Simeon. On vellum, of the vith century. Quarto. [14,654.]
Saint Simeon: Martyrdom of.: Syriac.
Saint Sophia: Martyrdom of her and her daughters: Syriac.
Saint Philemon: Martyrdom of. Syriac.
Saint Eleutherius: Martyrdom of.: Syriac.
Cursacus, Sanctus: Martyrdom of.: Syriac.
(Seems to be a book)

4th quarter of the 6th century Harley MS 1775 Gospels (the 'Harley Gospels', or 'Codex Harleianus')