means, motive and opportunity for the manuscript colouring

Steven Avery

"Coloring" is probably the most absurd argument of them all.

Colouring is a well-known, classic, tried-and-true method to try to make manuscripts look like they are “yellow with age”. It is said to have been a technique of a fella named Constantine Simonides. (Maybe he told Tischendorf about it in their friendlier days.) Tischendorf would not have to get his hands wet, for a little Prince Regent the project could be farmed out to his sidekicks. Some pages, like the fitst Brit page in Jeremiah, were exceedingly sloppy. Note that today a sophisticated manuscript helper would likely use heat as well, to dry out the parchment, to make it feel as if it were authentically old. The super-flexible youthful Sinaiticus sections never had a bake’em treatment.


Sinaiticus is special in the colouring genre for these reasons.


1) We have the before and after visible due to the double-abstraction-theft, 1844 and 1859, and the recent 2009 Codex Sinaiticud Project which made it all visible

2) We have a specific accusation that the colouring was done, for the purpose of making the ms. look aged.

3) Library avoidance of stain examination and chemical testing

4) the evidence of the two sections was kept widely separated and inaccessible

5) We have corroborating observations that the manuscript is not really aged, including Simonides, Uspensky in 1865 and the Russian polymath Morozov


There was means, motive and opportunity.
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