Calmet, Lamy and the five reasons of Martianay

Steven Avery


Antoine Augustin Calmet (1672-1757) in 1726 in French orders the five reasons of Martianay, and supports authenticity.

Sainte Bible en latin et en français: (1824 edition)




1) Catholic order not Canonical
2) Greek and Latin book order
3) order of 7 canonical epistles
4) style not Jerome's
5) Cassiodorus about Jerome


Thomas Joseph Lamy had a decent article, and includes the Martianay reasons and the Calmet response. He effectively shows us that not much was added after the initial volleys.

American Ecclesiastical Review (1897)
Thomas Joseph Lamy

In the presence of this fact, Dorn Martianay s arguments from internal grounds have but little weight.

It is true that St. Jerome usually called these letters Catholic, and not Canonical. No man is perfectly consistent in his language, and certainly St. Jerome was not. In one place, at least, he called St. Peter's Epistles canonical.

The statement about conforming the Latin to the Greek order of these Epistles presents no difficulty; for it is clear, from St. Augustine and Cassiodorius, that in many Latin versions before St. Jerome’s revision, St. Peter’s Epistles stood first. We are hardly in a position to deny that St. Jerome may have found the Heavenly Witnesses in Greek MSS. of his day, simply because they are wanting in the few fourth-century MSS. which have come down to us.


Jean Martianay (1647-1717)
Sancti Eusebii Hieronymi Operum tomus primus [-quintus], studio et labore monachorum ordinis S. Benedicti e congregatione S. Mauri
Jean Martianay on the Vulgate Prologue
In addition to Martianay's Latin work, the exposition of his arguments only exists in English among those that picked them to pieces. Calmet, Dolman and Lamy can be placed together, along with the comment from Genoud.
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