medieval Latin scholars accept and discuss the heavenly witnesses

Steven Avery

Administrator
An earlier list now integrated - more needed.
Can these be documented well with additional footnote texts?


My wiki section:

Latin commentaries In this period, the greater portion of Bible commentary was written in Latin. The references in this era are extensive and wide-ranging. Some of the better-known writers who utilized the Comma as scripture, in addition to Peter Lombard and Joachim of Fiore, include Gerbert of Aurillac (Pope Sylvester), Peter Abelard, Bernard of Clairvaux, Duns Scotus, Roger of Wendover (historian, including the Lateran Council), Thomas Aquinas (many verse uses, including one which has Origen relating to "the three that give witness in heaven"), William of Ockham (of razor fame), Nicholas of Lyra and the commentary of the Glossa Ordinaria.
=================

Early lists:

Burgess short list after 1000AD
https://books.google.com/books?id=EFgPAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA131
Post annum 1000 Radulphus Ardens, Rupertus Tuitiensis, Bemardus, Hugo Victorious, Lombardus, Aquinas, Scotus,

David Harrower (1822)
https://books.google.com/books?id=vqAOAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA43

In a commentary upon the Scriptures, by Nicholas De Lyra, this verse is found, accompanied by the learned author’s annotations without expressing any suspicion of its authenticity. In the thirteenth century, the commentary of St. Thomas appeared on this epistle, in which this verse is expounded without any insinuation of interpolation. In the same century, this text is found in the Rationale of divine offices, composed by the Bishops of Mende.(This may be under William Durand.) In the twelfth century, Lombard, Bishop of Paris, expressly cites this verse, in the first book of his Sentences. It is quoted in the same century, by an eminent divine, in a treatise on the glorification of the Trinity. St Bernard, in the eleventh century, insists on the verse, in several of his discourses. In, or about this age, Radulphus, Ardens, Huge Victorinus, with other authors, whose works have survived to the present time, referred to the text in question. The Glossa Ordinaria, was composed by a learned writer in the ninth century. In it, this verse is found, and commented upon with admirable force and perspicuity. (continues)

Some may have utilized the Bengel list:

https://books.google.com/books?id=IBs-AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA464
==================

And these lists of individuals are generally not doing much with special refs that are in:

(Fickerman, Berger)
Leiden sermon,
Corbie ms.
Haymo of Halberstadt

Bede
Matthaei scholium

Leofric Missal

Autpert (not Ansbert) on Revelation


More Special Attention:
Aquinas-Origen-Boethius
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/textualcriticism/conversations/topics/6064
Boethius

Thomas Aquinas (and how it relates to Joachim Flores) and the:
Lateran Council

Synod of Sis
Glossa Ordinaria

Pope Innocent
Speculum

Alexander Neckam -, 99 "welter" of interpretations
==========================

plan to go through all the pre-Reformation entries

Green are generally Greek writers, where most do not have the verse, however a couple have special possibilities.
e.g. - Maurop, Oecumenius, Zigabenus

Bryennius and Calecas are Greek with Latin connections

=======================

List of fully confirmed from below, added to Grantley refs:


Florus of Lyon (Lugdunensis) (d. c. 860) - quotes Cyprian Unity of the Church

Aenae of Paris (d. 879)

Altmann, Bishop of Passau (1015-1091)

Bruno Astensis - (1047-1123) Bishop of Segni


Gilbert Crispin - (1055?-1117)

Hildebert of Lavardin (or Hildebert of Tours) (c. 1055 – 1133) Cenomanensis


Robertus Pullus (1080-1150 AD) Robert Pullen

Gerhoh of Reichersberg (1093-1169 AD)


Petrus Comestor (d 1178 AD)

Roland of Sienna - (pope) Alexander III (c.1103–1181)

Aelred of Rievaulx - (1110–1167)

Bandinus Magister (auctor fl.1150) (1218)


Martinus Legionensis (1130-1203 AD) Martin of Leon

Gualterus de Castellione (1135-1202 AD)

Adamus Scotus (1140-1212 AD) Adam of Dryburgh


Praepositinus - (1150-1210) - (Gilbert Prevostin of Cremona, Prevostinus Cremonensis )


Sicardus Cremonensis (1155-1215 AD) Sicard of Cremona

Hugh of Flavigny (b. 1064)

Anselm of Havelberg (ca. 1100-1158) - allusion

Bonacursus (fl.1176-1190 AD)


Thomas Cisterciensis Ioannes Algrinus (1190-1237 AD) ? Thomas_of_Perseigne

Alanus de Insulis (c. 1128-1203) - Alain de Lille

Peter of Blois - (c. 1135 – c. 1211) Petrus Blesensis

William of Auxerre (1160-1229) or 1231 (strong allusion, Grantley biblography p. 396)


Hugh of Saint-Cher - (1200-1263) St. Caro - Hugo Charensis

Albertus Magnus - (1206-1280)

Moneta Cremonensis - c.1240

Pedro Pascual -(1227-1300)


Duns Scotus (1265-1308)

Meister Eckhart (1260-1327) Eckhart von Hochheim

Robert Holcot - (1290c.-1349)

Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373)


Conrad of Megenberg (1309-1374)

Haitho, Synod of Sis, Synod of Adana and Gregory Sisensis

John Wycliffe - (c.1320 -1384) English Bible with Latin background

Langland, William - (1332-1386) (check text)


Heinrich Kalteisen (1390-1464)


Heymeric de Campo - (1395-1460)
==================================

Smaragdus of Saint-Mihiel - (c. 760 – c. 840)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smaragdus_of_Saint-Mihiel
5 Smaragdus S Michaelis, Collectiones in epistolas et evangelia, 102, 0277A (auctor c.760-c.840)
Omne quod natum est ex Deo, vincit mundum. Et haec est victoria quae vincit mundum fides nostra. Quis est autem qui vincit mundum, nisi qui credit, quoniam Iesus est Filius Dei. Hic est qui venit per aquam et sanguinem Christus Iesus. Non in aqua solum, sed in aqua et sanguine. (0277A) Et spiritus est qui testificatur, quoniam Christus est veritas. Quoniam tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt, qui testimonium dant in terra, spiritus, aqua et sanguis, hi et tres unum sunt. Si testimonium hominum accipimus, testimonium Dei maius est. Quoniam hoc est testimonium Dei quod maius est, quoniam testificatus est de Filio suo. Qui credit in Filium Dei, habet testimonium Dei in se.
(commentary is unclear, only includes earthly?)
https://books.google.com/books?id=Mh9tDe-OK0MC&pg=PA277

Paschasius Radbertus (c. 790-860). - p. 61 ***
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paschasius_Radbertus

(Grantley places his thoughts upon Radbertus! Oops. Jerome claimed to emend, correct, the text because there were those who omitted the verse, and Radbertus would be familiar with that history.)
Migne
https://books.google.com/books?id=dSFAAQAAMAAJ&pg=PT516
http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Paschasius_Radbertus_cps2&rumpfid=Paschasius_Radbertus_cps2, Expositio in Psalmum XLIV, 2&id=Paschasius_Radbertus_cps2, Expositio in Psalmum XLIV, 2, 187&level=99&level9798=&satz=187&hilite_id=Paschasius_Radbertus_cps2, Expositio in Psalmum XLIV, 2, 187&string=CALAMUS&binary=&corpus=&target=&lang=0&home=&von=suchergebnis&hide_apparatus=1&inframe=1&jumpto=187
... Paschasius Radbertus (c. 790-860), who noted that the comma was only to be found in those codices with a more correct text—in other words, those into which the comma had been inserted by later correctors.104
104 Paschasius Radbertus, Expositio in Psahnum XLIV, CCCM 94:47:
“Sic itaque ait [lohannes] apostolus quod tres sint in terris qui testimonium dant pro his mysticis muneribus Spiritus aqua et sanguis. Et sicut in emendatioribus codicibus inuenitur etiam: Et tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelis uidelicet Pater et Filius et Spiritus sanctus et hi tres unum sunt.” (continues) Alioquin in conscientia virginis, ac si in libello foederis, nisi tres isti ascribuntur testes, nulla penes Deum consequetur haereditas, quae Graece κληρονομία vocatur.

Hincmar of Reims (806-882) Hincmari Rhemensis Archiepiscopi - allusion

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hincmar
Hincmarus Rhemensis, De una et non trina deitate, 125, 0544D (auctor 806-882)
Memento quia Pater et Filius et Spiritus sanctus tres unum sunt, qui in natura Trinitatis consistunt.
(mostly earthly)

Amulo Lugdunensis (c. 850)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amulo
Amulo Lugdunensis (also known as: Amalo, Amulon, Amolo, Amularius) served as Archbishop of Lyons from 841 to 852 AD.[1] As a Gallic prelate, Amulo is best known for his letters concerning two major themes: Christian-Jewish relations in the Frankish kingdom and the Carolingian controversy over predestination. He was ordained as archbishop in January 841.[2]

Florus of Lyon (Lugdunensis) (d. c. 860)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florus_of_Lyon
Mysterium vestis Christi, id est corporis eius, scindi non oportere; ex libro S. Cypriani de Ecclesiae Unitate. (0090C)
15. Dominus dicit: Ego et Pater unum sumus (Ioan. X, 30) . Et iterum de Patre et Filio et Spiritu sancto scriptum est: Tres unum sunt (Ioan. V, 7) ; et quisquis credit hanc veritatem de divina firmitate venientem, sacramentis coelestibus haerentem, scindi in Ecclesia non posse hoc unitatis sacramentum, hoc vinculum concordiae inseparabiliter cohaerentis, ostenditur, quando in Evangelio tunica Domini nostri Iesu Christi non dividitur omnino nec scinditur, sed sortientibus de veste Christi, quis Christum potius indueret, integra vestis accipitur, et incorrupta atque indivisa tunica possidetur. Loquitur ac dicit Scriptura
http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Florus_Lugdunensis_cps2&rumpfid=Florus_Lugdunensis_cps2,%20Opuscula%20adversus%20Amalarium,%20%20%202&id=Florus_Lugdunensis_cps2,%20Opuscula%20adversus%20Amalarium,%20%20%202,%20%20%20%20112&level=99&level9798=&satz=112&hilite_id=Florus_Lugdunensis_cps2,%20Opuscula%20adversus%20Amalarium,%20%20%202,%20%20%20%20112&string=tres!unum!sunt&binary=&corpus=&target=&lang=0&home=&von=suchergebnis&hide_apparatus=1&inframe=1&jumpto=112#112


Aenae of Paris (d. 879)
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeneas_von_Paris
Liber adversus Graecos
Sed et Spiritus sanctus in Patre et Filio et in se consistens, sicut Ioannes evangelista in Epistola sua tam absolute testatur: Et tres unum sunt.

Background history
The Papacy and the Orthodox: Sources and History of a Debate

By A. Edward Siecienski
https://books.google.com/books?id=2nfXDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA225


Oecumenius (fl. 990) Greek
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oecumenius
Has Synopsis of Scripture (Porson, noted by Henry Armfield)
http://www.archive.org/stream/threewitnessesdi00armf#page/55/mode/1up


Euthymius Zigabenus - (d 1118) - Greek
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euthymius_Zigabenus


Panoplia of Faith
Article for which Mike Ferrando may have update
http://el.orthodoxwiki.org/Ιωάννειο_κόμμα
This will require its own page.

Burgess, Ben David, London Quarterly Review and others were involved, note especially that Charles Forster gives a number of references, especially this one to start (is the ms. disputed in the discussions of Ekaterini G. Tsalampouni)?

A New Plea for the Authenticity of the Text of the Three Heavenly Witness; Or, Porson's Letters to Travis Eclectically Examined and the External and Internal Evidences for 1 John V, 7 Eclectically Re-surveyed (1867)

https://books.google.com/books?id=yXIsAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA3
In his ninth Letter (8vo ed. p. 220, London 1790), speaking of the non-use of (Grk) in the neuter as applying to persons, he has the following passage: ‘ I pass to your next Greek witness (next in order of time), Euthymius Zigabenus, who, in his “ Panoplia Dogmatica Orthodoxae Fidei,” thus refers to the verse of St. John : “The term one denotes things, the essence and nature of which are the same, and yet the persons are different, as in this instance, And Three are One.” (continues)
Gerbert of Aurillac (c. 946 – 12 May 1003), - Pope Sylvester II
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerbert_of_Aurillac
"these three are one, indivisible" (not a real ref)
http://books.google.com/books?id=vwy5B9ZXMh4C&pg=PA14

Donation of Constantine
https://books.google.com/books?id=bTZZAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA90

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donation_of_Constantine
This all needs checking to give reasonable placement.


Symeon the New Theologian (942 or 949-1022)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symeon_the_New_Theologian
has allusion sections like this:
https://books.google.com/books?id=h-dpICMQ01gC&pg=PA344
Altmann, Bishop of Passau (1015-1091)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altmann,_Bishop_of_Passau
34. Incertus 148, Vita et res gesta S. Altmanni, 148, 0870A
Proinde crede sanctum, praedica probatum, qui iam non se, sed quem Deus commendat (II Cor. X); qui iam non de se ipso testimonium dicit (Ioan. VIII) , sed cui dant testimonium tres, qui sunt in coelo, Pater, et Filius, et Spiritus sanctus (I Ioan. V)

Monk of Göttweig (1150 AD)
Vita et res gesta S. Altmanni. PL 148, col 0870A

INCI PIT PROLOGUS
IN VITAM S. ALTMANNI EPISCOPI.
Proinde credo sanct probatum, qui jam non se, sed quem mondât (1Cor. x); qui jam non de se ipso testimonium dicit (Joan, vii), sed cui dant testimonium tres,
Robertus Pullus (1080-1150 AD) Robert Pullen
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Pullus
Sententiae. PL 186, col 0676C
- ROBERTI PULLI SENTENTIARUM LIBER PRIMUS.
- CAPUT III. Tres personae sunt.
Sed si unus est Deus testante Moyse, Audi, Israel, Dominus Deus tuus unus est (Deut. VI, 34) ; quomodo est tres, iuxta illud: Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo Pater, et Filius, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt (Ioan. I, 5, 7) . Ergo unum id est. Deus, est hi tres.

Peter Damian (c. 1007-1072),84
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11764a.htm


Radulphus Arden(s) Raoul Ardent - High Sheriff of Herefordshire
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Sheriff_of_Herefordshire
likely not - Radulphus Brito (c. 1270 – 1320)

John Mauropus (11th century)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Mauropous
Knittel - mostly p. 40-54

http://www.archive.org/stream/newcriticismsonc00knitrich#page/40/mode/2up

Theophylact of Ohrid - (1055-1107) Greek

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theophylact_of_Ohrid

Nicephorus Bryennius, (c.1064-1137) (Byzantine statesman and historian)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikephoros_Bryennios_the_Younger-

Bruno (bishop of Würzburg) (1005-1045) (no spot identified yet)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_(bishop_of_W%C3%BCrzburg)

Gilbert Crispin - (1055?-1117)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_Crispin
ref -

https://books.google.com/books?id=-0wtAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA119
[22] Ad hoc. Spiritus Sanctus cum sit a Patre si proptcrca est a Filio. quia Pater ct Filius unum sunt, et Filius cum sit a Patre est a Spiritu Sancto, quia Pater ct Spiritus unum sunt. Nam Pater et Spiritus Sanctus unum sunt, sicut Pater et Filius unum sunt, quia ct Pater et Filius et Spiritus Sanctus unum sunt, sicut Iohanncs in Epistola scribit: ‘Et hi tres unum sunt. Pater, Verbum ct Spiritus Sanctus.'

Hildebrand of Sovana (pope) Gregory VII (1015-1085)
Bishop of Sutri Bonizo, (1073-1085) :

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_VII
(may not have a referrence, it was on same page as the next one)


Laon / Leon of Anselm (1050-1117)
http://books.google.com/books?id=-OdkAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA968


Hugh of Flavigny (b. 1064)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_of_Flavigny
Hugonis abbatis Flaviniacensis, Ekkehardi Uraugiensis Chronica
https://books.google.com/books?id=xDMKldAW3mUC&pg=PA45

mansuetissima serenitas, primum quidem fidem nostram, quam a prelato exortatore nostro Silvestro universali papa et pontifice edocti sumus, intima cordis confessione ad instruendas omnium mentes proferentes, et ita demum misericordia Dei super nos diffusam annunciantes. (0046A) Nosse enim vos volumus, sicut per anteriorem nostram sacram pragmaticam iussionem significavimus, nos a culturis idolorum, simulacris mutis et manufactis, diabolicis compositionibus atque ab omnibus Satanae pompis recessisse, et ad integram christianorum fidem, quae est lux vera et vita perpetua, pervenisse, credentes iuxta id quod nos idem almificus summus pater et doctor noster Silvester instruxit, credere in Deum patrem omnipotentem, factorem celi et terrae, visibilium omnium et invisibilium, et in Iesum Christum filium eius unicum, Dominum nostrum, creata sunt omnia, et in Spiritum sanctum dominum et vivificatorem universae creaturae. Nos Patrem et Filium et Spiritum sanctum confitemur, ita ut in Trinitate perfecta sit plenitudo divinitatis et unitas potestatis. Pater Deus, Filius Deus, Spiritus sanctus Deus; et tres unum sunt. Tres itaque personae, sed una potestas; nam semper Deus se edidit ex se quod semper erat gignenda ad secula verbum. Et quando eodem solo suae sapientiae verbo universam formavit creaturam, cum eo erat cuncta suo archano componens ministerio. (0046B)
http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Hugo_Flaviniacensis_cps2&rumpfid=Hugo_Flaviniacensis_cps2, Chronicon, 1&id=Hugo_Flaviniacensis_cps2, Chronicon, 1&level=&corpus=2&current_title=

Hildebert of Lavardin (or Hildebert of Tours) (c. 1055 – 1133) Cenomanensis
https://books.google.com/books?id=meHxy8JfGdIC&pg=PA27

Tres enim sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo,
Pater, Verbum. et Spiritus sanctus, et hi ires unum sunt
https://books.google.com/books?id=meHxy8JfGdIC&pg=PA84
Et iterum de Patre, Filio et Spiritu sancto scriptum est:

Et hi ires unum sunt
is he quoting Cyprian?
Hildebertus Cenomanensis, Sermones, 171, 0435C
« Tres enim sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V, 8) . » Tres sunt hypostases suis proprietatibus distinctae, sed unum sunt, quia unius essentiae sunt.

Hildebertus Cenomanensis, Sermones, 171, 0596B
De Trinitate vero personarum audi quid dicat inter caeteros magis dilectus: « Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V, 7) . In Veteri etiam Testamento eosdem duos de Trinitate articulos revelavit patribus nostris, licet paucis, sed longe aliter quam nobis.
Hildebertus Cenomanensis, Sermones, 171, 0705A
Et hi tres unum sunt, et sibi cooperantur, quia individua sunt opera Trinitatis.

Hildebertus Cenomanensis, Sermones, 171, 0793C
Unde Dominus dicit in Evangelio: « Et erit unus grex, et unus Dominus (Ioan. X. 16) . » Et ad Israel in veteri lege ait: « Dominus Deus tuus, Deus unus est (Deut. VI, 4) . » Quod unus Deus sit, evidentius ostendit in Evangelio, dicens: « Ego et Pater unum sumus (Ioan. XVII, 22) . » Et iterum de Patre, Filio et Spiritu sancto scriptum est: « Et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V, 7) . » Voluit ergo Dominus suos similes sibi existere, ut sicut unus erat, ita Ecclesia una esset.


Hugo Victorinus == Hugh of St. Victor d. 1141 (no verse ref so far)

Peter of Abelard - (1079 –1142) 92 (other refs)

Tractatus de unitate et trinitate divina
https://books.google.com/books?id=ck8sAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA72
he has Augustine and Boetius (Boethius) confirming the words, Boethius is circa 500 AD and needs more study

Anselm of Havelberg (ca. 1100-1158)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anselm_of_Havelberg
dialog with Nicetas of Nicomedia
http://books.google.com/books?id=UsUUAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA2-PT25
Anselmus Havelbergensis, Dialogi, 188, 1172C (auctor 1126-1154)

« Verumtamen in illa summa Trinitate non hoc est ibi generare quod esse, nec hoc est ibi gigni quod esse, nec hoc est ibi procedere quod esse; quoniam non eo quo est, eo Pater est; nec eo quo est, eo Filius est; nec eo quo est, eo Spiritus sanctus est; sed eo quo est, substantia est quae ibi una est: et eo quo ille tanquam Pater generat, et eo quo iste tanquam Filius gignitur, et eo quo hic tanquam Spiritus sanctus missus procedit; eo non iam una, sed tres ibi personae sunt: et ita substantia, seu potius essentia qua sunt tres, unum sunt; et personalitate qua distinguuntur tres, tres sunt.

Alanus de Insulis c. 1128-1203 - Alain de Lille
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alain_de_Lille
Contra haereticos

https://books.google.com/books?id=iCxUGKiLFUMC&pg=PA335
http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Alanus_de_Insulis_cps2&rumpfid=Alanus_de_Insulis_cps2,%20Contra%20haereticos,%20%20%201,%20%2032&id=Alanus_de_Insulis_cps2,%20Contra%20haereticos,%20%20%201,%20%2032,%20%20%20%20%20%207&level=99&level9798=&satz=7&hilite_id=Alanus_de_Insulis_cps2,%20Contra%20haereticos,%20%20%201,%20%2032,%20%20%20%20%20%207&string=tres!unum!sunt&binary=&corpus=&target=&lang=0&home=&von=suchergebnis&hide_apparatus=1&inframe=1&jumpto=7#7

Et Paulus in Epistola ad Hebraeos, ait de Christo: Qui cum sit splendor gloriae, et figura substantiae eius (Hebr. I) . Item Ioannes in Epistola canonica: Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus Sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt. Et tres sunt qui testimonium dant in terra, spiritus, aqua, et sanguis (Ioan. V) . Hic insinuat Ioannes Christum verum fuisse hominem, et verum Deum et verum Dei Filium.
Alanus de Insulis (1128-1203 AD)

Contra haereticos. PL 210, col 0335A

Peter Lombard - (c 1100-1160) 87 Sententiae I.2.5.3.1, PL 192:528, 590.
https://books.google.com/books?id=HNOanXL6SVoC&pg=PA137
Distinction XXV

"as John Says in the canonical Epistle: There are three who give witness in heaven"
Ioannes quoque in Epistola canonica: "Tres sunt, qui testimonium perhibent in caelo: Pater, Verbum, Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt.

http://scta-staging.lombardpress.org/text/pl-l1d2c5
Petrus Lombardus (1096-1164 AD)

Sententiae. PL 192, col 0528
Ioannes quoque in Epistola 1 canonica ait: Tres sunt qui testimonium perhibent in coelo, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus; et hi tres unum sunt.

Gerhoh of Reichersberg (1093-1169 AD)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerhoh_of_Reichersberg
Gerhohus Reicherspergensis (1093-1169 AD)
Epistolae Gerhohi. PL 193, col 0580C

Nam tres sunt, ait Ioannes, qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus (I Ioan. V) . Primo quaeritur, cur non dixerit Pater et Filius, sed Pater, ait, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus.
https://books.google.com/books?id=9_ASEMQra-kC&pg=PA579


Petrus Comestor (d 1178 AD)
Sermones. PL 198, col 1779A
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petrus_Comestor
(PL 198 1778C) SERMO XXIV. IN FESTO S. IACOBI APOSTOLI, SANCTI CHRISTOPHORI MARTYRIS, ET GERMANI CONFESSORIS. Ad regulares.

Primum aperit Ioannes in Epistola catholica dicens: Tres sunt, qui testimonium perhibent in coelo: Pater, et Filius, et Spiritus sanctus (Ioan. V) . De ultimo quoque subiunxit: Et tres sunt, qui testimonium perhibent in terra: spiritus, aqua et sanguis (Ibid.) . Medius ordo sunt apostoli, martyres et confessores.

Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179),
88
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hildegard_of_Bingen
Hildegardis Bingensis

Scivias Hildegardis sive libri visionum ac revelationum. PL 197, col 0647C
88 Hildegard von Bingen, Scivias III.7.8, CCCM 43:470.
Et tres sunt qui dant testimonium in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus, et tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V) . Hoc tale est: Spiritus hominis spiritualis est videlicet non procedens de sanguine nec nascens de carne, sed currens de arcano Dei, existens illi invisibilis quod mutabilitati subiectum est.

Roland of Sienna - (pope) Alexander III

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Alexander_III
Instructio fidei Catholicae, 207, 1072A (auctor c.1103–1181)

http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Alexander_III_cps2&rumpfid=Alexander_III_cps2,%20Instructio%20fidei%20Catholicae&id=Alexander_III_cps2,%20Instructio%20fidei%20Catholicae,%20%20%20%20%2028&level=99&level9798=&satz=28&hilite_id=Alexander_III_cps2,%20Instructio%20fidei%20Catholicae,%20%20%20%20%2028&string=tres!unum!sunt&binary=&corpus=&target=&lang=0&home=&von=suchergebnis&hide_apparatus=1&inframe=1&jumpto=28#28

Praenominatus Ioannes in Epistola sua canonica dicit:
Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt
Alexander III (1103-1181 AD)
Instructio fidei Catholicae. PL 207, col 1072A


Praenominatus Ioannes in Epistola sua canonica dicit: Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt .
.
Rupertus Tuitiensis - Deutz (c. 1075 - c. 1129) , 85
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rupert_of_Deutz
85 Rupertus Tuitiensis, De gloria et honore filii hominis super Matthaeum III, PL 169:731; De sancta trinitate et operibus eius XXXVI (De operibus Spiritus Sancti III), CCCM 24:1907, 1910, 1924:
"Igitur sicut tres sunt qui testimonium dant in terra, ut in communionem Ecclesiæ suscipiamur, sic tres sunt qui testimonium dant in caelo, ut in regnum cœlorum introeamus. Tres isti testes sunt pater et uerbum et spiritus sanctus."


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Clairvaux
Bernardus Claraevallensis (1090-1153 AD)
In octava Paschae. PL 183, col 0296B
Meditationes de humana conditione. PL 184, col 0500B

Sententiae. PL 183, col 0747D

Gilbert of Poitiers - (1076-1154)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_de_la_Porrée
http://books.google.com/books?id=2o5V2GWlaFIC&pg=PA191


Peter of Poitiers (c. 1130-c.1215)

Aelred of Rievaulx - (1110–1167)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aelred_of_Rievaulx

https://books.google.com/books?id=TIPYAAAAMAAJ&q="quia+hi+tres+unum+sunt+non"&dq="quia+hi+tres+unum+sunt+non"&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjYsdLuyurhAhXRl-AKHYuPAGcQ6AEILzAB

Martinus Legionensis (1130-1203 AD) Martin of Leon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_of_Leon
https://books.google.com/books?id=6dMPAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA114 (maybe, have to check)

Expositio in epistolam I Ioannis. PL 209, col 0286B
Sermones. PL 208, col 1274A

Sermones. PL 208, col 1323D
» Et Ioannes evangelista ait: « In principio erat Verbum, et Verbum erat apud Deum, et Deus erat Verbum (Ioan. I, 1); » et iterum ipse ad Parthos: « Tres sunt, inquit, qui testimonium perhibent in terra: aqua, sanguis et caro, tres in nobis sunt; et tres sunt qui testimonium perhibent in coelo: Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus, et hi tres unum sunt.

Martinus Legionensis, Expositio in epistolam I B. Ioannis, 209, 0286B
Iterum subiungit dicens: Quia tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus.

Martinus Legionensis, Sermones, 208, 1274A
Beatus quoque Ioannes in Epistola canonica ait: Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus; et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V) . Ipse etiam in initio sui Evangelii ait: In principio erat Verbum, et Verbum erat apud Deum, et Deus erat Verbum (Ioan. I) . Ubi aperte ostendit Filium semper et aeternaliter fuisse apud Patrem, ut alium apud alium.

Martinus Legionensis, Sermones, 208, 1323D
Multa sunt autem haec testimonia: Quoniam tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater scilicet, et Filius et Spiritus sanctus: et hi tres unum sunt.


Adamus Scotus (1140-1212 AD) Adam of Dryburgh
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_of_Dryburgh

https://books.google.com/books?id=LX1WAAAAcAAJ&pg=PP385
De tripartito tabernaculo. PL 198, col 0762D

Quia et potentia Patri, et sapientia Filio, et benignitas assignatur Spiritui sancto, quae tamen tria unum sunt in Deo substantialiter, quamvis personaliter distincta sint: haec itaque tria, virga, tabulae, et manna in Sancta sanctorum, quae coelum designant, erant; quia tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, et Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus (I Ioan. V, 7) . Quae tria illi tres gradus

Alexander of Ashby (c. 1150-c. 1208),93 .
93 Alexander of Ashby, Meditatio IX, CCCM 188:442.

Alexander Neckam (1157-1217) - 99
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Neckam
The welter of interpretations given to the comma was first collected and analysed by Alexander Neckam (or Nequam, 1157-1217) in his Speculum seculationum. 99
99 Neckam, 1988, 73-84.

https://books.google.com/books?id=PRLZAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA75

Petrus Cellensis (1115-1183),89 Tractatus de tabernaculo I.7, PL 202:1079.
Mystica et moralis expositio Mosaici tabernaculi. PL 202, col 1072B

Apostolus testificationem Dei in arca sua posuerat, qui dicebat: Ipse Spiritus Dei testimonium reddit spiritui nostro, quod sumus filii Dei (Rom. VIII, 16) , id est arca Dei. Testificatio Dei est in coelo, id est in arca, quoniam tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, Spiritus sanctus (I Ioan. V, 7) ; et non sunt testificationes, sed testificatio, quia hi tres unum sunt (ibid.) . Si Pater in mente tua, Verbum in intelligentia tua, Spiritus sanctus est in dilectione vel voluntate tua, testificatio Dei est in arca tua, nihilominus Spiritus, aqua et sanguis, una testificatio Dei est, quando conservas impollute sacramentum regenerationis.

Joachim of Fiore - (1135-1202) p. 60-65 Lateran Council, more refs e.g. Erasmus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joachim_of_Fiore

Henry of Marcy (1136-1189) Henricus de Castro Marsiaco,

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_of_Marcy
(may only use earthly witnesses?)


Theodore Balsamon- (1140-1199)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Balsamon


Praepositinus - (1150-1210) - (Gilbert Prevostin of Cremona, Prevostinus Cremonensis )
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Praepositinus
https://books.google.com/books?id=52YgAAAAIAAJ&q="tres+unum"&dq="tres+unum"&hl=en&ei=fnlnTKTyPMb_lgfz88ieBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CFsQ6AEwCQ


William of Auxerre (1160-1229) or 1231

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_of_Auxerre
http://guillelmus.uni-koeln.de/tcrit/tcrit_full

7. In his letter can encourage us in faith: "Everything is born of God overcomes the world, and this is the victory that overcomes the world is our" et cetera. He showed faith in testimony in heaven and on earth, and conscience. At the time when he says, "there are three that bear witness in earth, wind, water and blood." A great place, the Lord with a loud cry, yielded up the spirit, and the fact that he is already dead, that go out of the blood and water came from it him that it was a sign of the Godhead. "And these three are one", for one thing. Three in heaven in the voice of the Father, the Word in the flesh and the spirit of the dove, "and these three are one." There is no doubt about it. The testimony of conscience follows: "Whoever believes in the Son of God, son of God already has in itself", and that her conscience dictates, that "The words in your mouth;
Sicardus Cremonensis (1155-1215 AD) Sicard of Cremona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicard_of_Cremona
Mitrale sive Summa de officiis ecclesiasticis. PL 213, col 0050A
Mitrale sive Summa de officiis ecclesiasticis. PL 213, col 0281A

Sicardus Cremonensis, Mitrale sive Summa de officiis ecclesiasticis, 213, 0050A
Nam David, in numero praecedentium, ait: « Verbo Domini coeli firmati sunt, et Spiritu oris eius omnis Virtus eorum; » Ioannes secutus, adiunxit: « Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus, » vel tam ante incarnationem quam postea, tres fuerunt in Ecclesia gradus: Noe, Daniel, et Iob, id est rectores, virgines vel continentes, et coniugati: hi sunt qui, secundum Evangelium, sunt in agro, in lecto, in mola.

Sicardus Cremonensis, Mitrale sive Summa de officiis ecclesiasticis, 213, 0281A
» et alibi: « Seraphim clamabant: sanctus, sanctus, sanctus, » et Dominus: « Baptizate omnes gentes, in nomine Patris et Filii, et Spiritus sancti; » et Ioannes evangelista: « Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus.

70 Smaragdus S Michaelis, Collectiones in epistolas et evang

Moneta Cremonensis - c.1240

Moneta de Crémone - Venerabilis patris Monetae... Adversus Catharos et Valdenses libri quinque, quos ex manuscriptis codd... (1743)
http://books.google.com/books?id=ODRSbS8N9xsC
http://books.google.com/books?id=ODRSbS8N9xsC&pg=PA269
https://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/en/fs1/object/display/bsb10635001_00637.html

http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Moneta_Cremonensis_cps4&rumpfid=Moneta_Cremonensis_cps4,%20Adversus%20Catharos%20et%20Valdenses,%20%20%203,%20%20%205,%20%20%20%20p75&id=Moneta_Cremonensis_cps4,%20Adversus%20Catharos%20et%20Valdenses,%20%20%203,%20%20%205,%20%20%20%20p75,%20%20%20%20%2011&level=99&level9798=&satz=11&hilite_id=Moneta_Cremonensis_cps4,%20Adversus%20Catharos%20et%20Valdenses,%20%20%203,%20%20%205,%20%20%20%20p75,%20%20%20%20%2011&string=in!caelo!Pater&binary=&corpus=&target=&lang=0&home=&von=suchergebnis&hide_apparatus=1&inframe=1&jumpto=11#11
hide dictionary links

(269) §III. Testimonia, quod tres Personae sunt unus Deus.

Viso, & ostenso quod tres Personae, scilicet Pater, & Filius, & Spiritus Sanctus sunt consubstantiales, & coaeternae, & coaequales, satis patet, quod tres Personae sunt unus Deus essentialiter. Ut autem hoc magis eluceat, aliqua alia testimonia ad istud inducamus.


Et primo illud, quod dixit Dominus discipulis suis Matth. ultimo v. 19. Euntes docete omnes gentes, baptizantes eos in nomine Patris, & Filii, & Spiritus Sancti. Non dixit: in nominibus, ut ostenderet, quod non est pluralitas substantiarum in tribus Personis, sed unitas. Et Isa. 6.v. 3. Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus, Dominus Deus exercituum. Ter dixit: Sanctus, & subiunxit; Dominus Deus exercituum, ut Trinitatem Personarum innueret in unitate substantiae divinae. Et David Psal. 66.v. 8. Benedicat nos Deus, Deus noster, benedicat nos Deus. Ter dixit: Deus propter Trinitatem personarum; & subiunxit: Et metuant eum omnes fines terrae. Non dixit eos, ut similiter eorum insinuet unitatem.

Praeterea 1.Io:5.v. 7. Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in caelo: Pater, Verbum, & Spiritus Sanctus; & hi tres unum sunt. Ergo vel unum in substantia, vel unum in accidente. Sed non sunt unum in accidente, quia Deo nihil accidens esse potest: ut enim prius ostensum est: quidquid in Deo est, Deus est. Ergo sunt unum in substantia.
Dante Alighieri - (1265-1321)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Alighieri
The Divine Comedy, Volume 3

by Dante Alighieri
https://books.google.com/books?id=PN9GAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA274

144. The schoolmen found the scriptural references to the Trinity chiefly in the O. T., in the plural form of the Hebrew word for “God," in the use of the plural in Gen. i. 26; in the threefold cry in Isaiah vi. 3, etc., etc. The chief passages from the N.T. are the formula of baptism in Matt, xxviii. 19; the text of the three “heavenly witnesses” in 1 John v. 7 (Vulgate and A.V.); and the three-fold formula in Romans xi. 36, after citing which, with some others, Petrus Lombardus adds: but since almost every syllable of the New Testament agrees in suggesting this truth of the ineffable unity and Trinity, let us dispense with gathering testimonies on this matter.
Dante may not have a direct reference, but only like this:

"And I believe in three Persons, eternal, and I believe they are One essence, and Threefold, in such a way as to allow are and is to be joined."

Philippus Cancellarius - (1165-1236)

http://la.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippus_Cancellarius


Peter of Blois - (c. 1135 – c. 1211) Petrus Blesensis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_of_Blois
https://books.google.com/books?id=jsY_AQAAMAAJ&pg=RA1-PA24
623-624

639-640
731-732
Petri Biesensis 833-834
https://books.google.com/books?id=XzZovmS6T9QC&pg=RA3-PA75

1071-1072
Petrus Blesensis (1135-1212 AD)
Contra perfidiam Iudaeorum. PL 207, col 0834B
Sermones. PL 207, col 0639B
Petrus Blesensis, Contra perfidiam Iudaeorum, 207, 0834B
Ioannis evangelistae qui in sinu Salvatoris coelestis sapientiae fluenta potavit verba haec sunt: Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt .
Petrus Blesensis, Sermones, 207, 0639B
Ideoque ille discipulus, qui de pectore Christi familiarius, et plenius coelestis scientiae fluenta potaverat, sacramenta trinitatis et unitatis in Deo manifestissime declarabat, cum diceret: Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus Sanctus: Et hi tres unum sunt .

Guillaume of Saint-Jacques de Liège, (twelfth century),91


Bandinus Magister [1100-1200] (1218 AD) (auctor fl.1150)
Bandinus, De sacrosancta Trinitate, 192, 0975B
Item alibi: Tres sunt qui testimonium perhibent in coelo, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan.
http://www.documentacatholicaomnia...._De_Sacrosancta_Trinitate_Liber__MLT.pdf.html

Baldwin of Canterbury (1120-1190 AD) 90
90 Balduinus de Forda (Balduinus Cantuariensis),
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baldwin_of_Forde

De commendatione fidei 66, CCCM 99:402; (two refs)
Tractatus de sacramento altaris, CCCM 99:413, 416. (so far, only earthly)

http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2&rumpfid=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2, De commendatione fidei, p55&id=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2, De commendatione fidei, p55, 24&level=99&level9798=&satz=24&hilite_id=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2, De commendatione fidei, p55, 24&string=COLUMBA&binary=&corpus=&target=&lang=0&home=&von=suchergebnis&hide_apparatus=1&inframe=1&jumpto=24

De commendatione fidei
(PL 204 0614C) Quod tres testimonium dicunt in coelo, et tres in terra.

(0614D)
Testes autem fidei et eorum testimonia, si in medium producantur, et diligentius examinentur, quanta sit fidei auctoritas, quam certa, quam firma, quam solida sit eius veritas, evidentissime nobis ostendent. Ioannes in canonica Epistola sic ait: Tres sunt qui testimonium dicunt in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt. Et tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in terra: Spiritus, aqua et sanguis (I Ioan. V) . Pater testimonium dat in coelo, qui olim loquens patribus in prophetis, novissime diebus istis locutus est nobis in Filio. Testimonium dat, cum Filium revelat in Scripturis; testimonium dat, cum Filium in nobis revelat.


(PL 204 0614C) Quod tres testimonium dicunt in coelo, et tres in terra.
(0614D)

Et iterum: Cum autem venerit ille Spiritus veritatis, docebit vos omnem veritatem. Non enim loquetur a semetipso, sed quaecunque audiet loquetur, et quae ventura sunt, annuntiabit vobis (Ioan. XVI) . Tres ergo sunt in coelo, qui testimonium dant, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus; et hi tres unum sunt. (0617A) Unum quidem in unius naturae essentia, unum in unius contestationis concordia. Unum enim et idem concorditer loquuntur, et concorditer operantur. Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in terra; Spiritus, aqua, et sanguis (I loan. V) .

Look also for:

Tractatus de sacramento altaris

So far, only earthly witnesses (share with Grantley)

http://www.mlat.uzh.ch/MLS/xfromcc.php?tabelle=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2&rumpfid=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2,%20De%20sacramento%20altaris,%20%20%20%20p27&id=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2,%20De%20sacramento%20altaris,%20%20%20%20p27,%20%20%20%20%2014&level=99&level9798=&satz=14&hilite_id=Balduinus_Cantuariensis_cps2,%20De%20sacramento%20altaris,%20%20%20%20p27,%20%20%20%20%2014&string=tres&binary=&corpus=&target=&lang=0&home=&von=suchergebnis&hide_apparatus=1&inframe=1&jumpto=14#14

Balduinus Cantuariensis (1120-1190 AD)
De commendatione fidei. PL 204, col 0614D
Bonacursus (1176-1190 AD)
Vita haereticorum. PL 204, col 0790C
Bonacursus, Vita haereticorum, 204, 0790C
V: « Spiritus enim est qui testificatur [quia Spiritus est] quoniam Christus est veritas, quia tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater et Verbum et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt.


Gualterus de Castellione (1135-1202 AD)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_of_Châtillon
https://la.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gualterus_de_Castellione
https://books.google.com/books?id=w35WAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA581

Liber de Trinitate. PL 209, col 0578A
Liber de Trinitate. PL 209, col 0582D
Gualterus de Castellione, Liber de Trinitate, 209, 0578A
Et Ioannes in Epistola: Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus, et hi tres unum sunt (Ioan. V).

Gualterus de Castellione, Liber de Trinitate, 209, 0582D
Quod autem pro nominali voce et verbali possint pluraliter designari, manifeste apparet ex supra positis verbis Ioannis apostoli dicentis: Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus (I Ioan. V).

Bruno Astensis - (1047-1123) Bishop of Segni
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_(bishop_of_Segni)

https://books.google.com/books?id=YWm4XQFkqJAC&pg=PA987
Bruno Astensis, Commentaria in Ioannem, 165, 0580A
» Pater enim a nullo, Filius a Patre, Spiritus sanctus a Patre Filioque procedit. (0580A) Non igitur loquitur a semetipso, quia non est a semetipso. Loquitur tamen et a semetipso, quia « Spiritus ubi vult spirat (Ioan. III, 8) . » Sed non tantum a semetipso, quia unum sunt Pater et Filius cum ipso. Tres igitur in uno loquuntur, quia tres unum sunt
Bruno Astensis, Commentaria in Matthaeum, 165, 0172C

Similiter autem et de Spiritu sancto: una est enim virtus et divinitas trium, quia tres unum sunt.
Bruno Astensis, Sententiae, 165, 0988C
« Quoniam tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in terra, Spiritus, aqua et sanguis; et hi tres unum sunt.
Et tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus; et hi tres unum sunt (ibid., 7-8) . » Et coelum nobis testatur et terra quod Filius hominis venit in hunc mundum ut nos redimeret atque salvaret.

Bruno Astensis, Sententiae, 165, 0988D
Et de baptismo quidem scriptum est: « Qui crediderit, et baptizatus fuerit, salvus erit (Marc. XVI, 16) . » De sanguine vero: « Qui dilexit nos, et lavit nos a peccatis nostris in sanguine suo (Apoc. I, 5) . » Itemque: « Qui manducaverit meam carnem, et biberit meum sanguinem, habet vitam aeternam (Ioan. VI, 52) . » Et hi tres unum sunt.

Lotario Segni == Innocent III (1160 or 1161 – 16 July 1216)- Grantley, p. 58
reflections of pope Innocent III (Lottario dei Conti di Segni, 1160/1161-1216). In his Sermo XXX, preached on All Saints’ day, Innocent took as his text the vision of Isaiah (Is 6:1-3): “[•••] I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lofty; and the hem of his robe filled the temple. Seraphs were in attendance above him; each had six wings: with two they covered their faces, and with two they covered their feet, and with two they flew. And one called to another and said: ‘Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory.’” ... God.” Where the Old Testament says, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts,” the New Testament proclaims, “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.” Innocent

Innocentius III (1161-1216 AD)
Commentarium in VII psalmos poenitentiales. PL 217, col 1070D
Commentarium in VII psalmos poenitentiales. PL 217, col 1127B
De quadripartita specie nuptiarum. PL 217, col 0944A

Mysteria evangelicae legis et sacramenti eucharistiae. PL 217, col 0838C
Regesta sive epistolae 2. PL 215, col 0214C
Regesta sive epistolae 3. PL 216, col 0016D
Sermones de sanctis. PL 217, col 0466D

Sermones de sanctis. PL 217, col 0467C
Sermones de sanctis. PL 217, col 0487A
Sermones de sanctis. PL 217, col 0588D
Sermones de tempore. PL 217, col 0315C

Sermones de tempore. PL 217, col 0419B
Sermones de tempore. PL 217, col 0426D
Sermones de tempore. PL 217, col 0434C
Innocentius III, De quadripartita specie nuptiarum, 217, 0944A

Ne tamen et hoc coniugium sine testibus contrahatur, tres illi praesentialiter adsunt qui testimonium dant in Coelo: Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus Sanctus: et hi tres unum sunt; Filio testante, qui ait: Si quis diligit me, sermonem meum servabit, et Pater meus diliget eum, et ad eum veniemus, et mansionem apud eum faciemus.
Innocentius III, Mysteria evangelicae legis et sacramenti eucharistiae, 217, 0838C
Tres enim sunt qui dant testimonium in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. III) . Tres personaliter, sua quisque ratione distinctus, Pater generatione, Verbum filiatione, Spiritus sanctus processione. Unum efficialiter [al. essentialiter]: totum omnes quod singuli natura, potentia, voluntate: et omnino quidquid secundum substantiam praedicatur.
Innocentius III, Regesta sive epistolae 2, 215, 0214C

In prima, tres sunt personae in una substantia, Pater, Filius, et Spiritus sanctus; quia tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt.
Innocentius III, Regesta sive epistolae 3, 216, 0016D
Adversus has haereses Ioannes apostolus in Epistola sua loquitur, dicens: Tres sunt qui testimonium dent in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus; et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V) , per hoc intendens ostendere quod Christus sit verus Deus.
Innocentius III, Sermones de sanctis, 217, 0466D

Per tres igitur vocales significatur divinitas, quae cum sit una per se, sonat in tribus personis; nam « tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus, et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan.
Innocentius III, Sermones de sanctis, 217, 0467C
» Inquit ergo Ioannes: « Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus.
Innocentius III, Sermones de sanctis, 217, 0487A

Isti vero illuminati per fidem crediderunt, quia « tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater et Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V) .
Innocentius III, Sermones de sanctis, 217, 0588D
In illo scribitur: Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus, Dominus Deus exercituum; in isto narratur: « Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus: et hi tres unum sunt.
Innocentius III, Sermones de tempore, 217, 0315C

» Sed cum « tres sint qui dant testimonium in coelo, Pater, Verbum, et Spritus sanctus (I Ioan. V) , » cur Pater ipse non venit, aut Spritium sanctum non misit?
Innocentius III, Sermones de tempore, 217, 0419B
Nam « tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, et Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus.
Innocentius III, Sermones de tempore, 217, 0426D

» Imo Spiritus iste incunctanter est Patri et Filio substantialis et coaeternus, sicut Ioannes evangelista testatur: « Tres sunt, inquit, qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, Verbum et Spiritus, et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan.
Innocentius III, Sermones de tempore, 217, 0434C
« Tres sunt namque testimonium dant in coelo: Pater, et Verbum, et Spiritus sanctus: et hi tres unum sunt (I Ioan. V) , cum tamen personaliter sua quisque notione distinctus sit.

Fourth Lateran Council 1215 - Grantley p. 60-61


Nicolaus de Tornaco - (fl. 1226/39)

Robert Grosseteste - (1175-1253) - (no ref yet)

Thomas Cisterciensis Ioannes Algrinus (1190-1237 AD) ? Thomas_of_Perseigne
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Perseigne

Commentaria in Cantica canticorum. PL 206, col 0638C
Thomas Cisterciensis Ioannes Algrinus, Commentaria in Cantica canticorum, 206, 0638C (auctor -1237)

De primo: « Qui adhaeret Deo, unus efficitur spiritus, » de secundo: « Sicut anima rationalis et caro unus est homo, ita Deus et homo unus est Christus; » De tertio: « Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo: Pater et Filius, et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt.

Roger of Wendover up to 1235 (historian)
(maybe Matthew Paris adds something of interest)

Nicholas of Gorran - (1232 -1295)


Durandus of Saint-Pourçain - (c. 1275–1332/1334)
Guillaume Durand (1237-1296),95

Petrus Aureolus - Pierre D'Auriol - (1280-1322)


John of Ruysbroeck - (1293-1381)

Nicholas Aymerich (Eymerich) - (1316-1399)


Hugh of Saint-Cher - (1200--1263) St. Caro - Hugo Charensis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_of_Saint-Cher
Catholic Encyclopedia
http://books.google.com/books?id=r7kTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA521

Travis
https://books.google.com/books?id=nf0qAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA23
8. In the same century flourifhed Hugo Charensis. He died in A. D. 1262, a Cardinal, and high in reputation. He has not only quoted, but commented upon, both the verses 1 John v: 7 and 8. But his commentary will not be easily abbreviated: and it is too long and diffuse to be stated here at large. A short extract from it shall, however, be subjoined. (continues)

https://books.google.com/books?id=nf0qAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA10

Giovanni (di) Fidanza Bonaventure - (* 1221- 1274)

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) ** (quotes Origen)

Albertus Magnus - (1206-1280)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertus_Magnus
Sed cum fides Catholica tres esse profileretur, sicut Joannes in epistola canonica ait : Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in coelo, quaerebatur quid illi tres essent, id est, an essent tres res, et quae tres res, et quo nomine illae tres res significarentur.
http://books.google.com/books?id=KNQtAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA634
theser next are more the editors
http://books.google.com/books?id=Ouk9AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA13
http://books.google.com/books?id=Ouk9AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA15

http://books.google.com/books?id=Ouk9AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA19
http://books.google.com/books?id=Ouk9AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA28

Jacobus de Voragine - (c.1230–1298)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacobus_de_Voragine

(no hw)

Giovanni (di) Fidanza Bonaventure (1217/1218-1274),
94
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonaventure
Ilor ipsum testantnr et verba, inter quae, cum multa sint, illud unicnm est expressum, quod scripsil amicus sjwnsi primae loannis qninto8: Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in caeto, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt.

http://books.google.com/books?id=xC5OAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA55

Pedro Pascual -(1227-1300)
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_Pascual
(needs cleanup)

Et Sanc0tus Ioanncs ApoftolusS:Euangcliilain luaFpiftola ait: Tres funt,quitcftimoniumdant incxlo, Pater, Veibum ,5c Spiritus
(an£tu>: 5c hi tres vnum funt. Et tres funt qui tcftimonium dant in terra, Ipiritus, 6c aqua, Sc fanguis: 5c hi tres vnum funt. Hoc
eft licuti in crlo Pater,Filius,5c Spiritus fanctus dant teftimonium, quod Iei'us Cnriftus verus lit Deus,fic etiam in terra, Spiritus quem Chriftus in cruccocndensemifit, Sc aqua 5c sanguis ab eius latere cxcuntes, quando Longinus lancca latus eius0aperuit, testimonium dant, quod Chriftus fit verus homo, Ex quibus verbis probatur Chriftum vcrum faille Deum,6c vcrum fuiife homincm.
http://books.google.com/books?id=JAWFwrNBwMwC&pg=PA218


Duns Scotus - (1265–1308)
many refs:
"Ioannes quoque in Epistola canonica ait, Tres sunt qui testimonium perhibetn in coelo, Pater, Verybum, & Spiritus sanctus, & hi tres unum sunt
http://books.google.com/books?id=m8wJa1WGgyUC&pg=PA233


Synod of Sis - Armenian Council 1303 (perhaps writers like Gregorius Sisensis)


Meister Eckhart (1260-1327) Eckhart von Hochheim
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/eckhart/sermons.txt
https://books.google.com/books?id=YAYxzu8zqK8C&pg=PA98
Die lateinischen Werke, Volume 3 (1994)

by Eckhart (maestro.) - Kohlhammer
https://books.google.com/books?id=e3UQAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA132
Expositio s. evangelii sec. Iohannem

"fateri patrem, filium et spiritum sanctum, et quod, 'hi tres unum sunt', non unus"


Meister Eckhart: The Essential Sermons, Commentaries, Treatises, and Defense (1981)
Edmund Colledge, O.S.A. and Bernard McGinn - Preface by Huston Smith
https://books.google.com/books?id=YAYxzu8zqK8C&pg=PA96

“I am in the Father, and the Father is in me” (Jn. 14:11); “The Father and I are one” (Jn. 10:30). In the Godhead the Son and the Holy Spirit are not from nothing, but are “God from God, light from light, one light, one God” with the Father.90 “These three are one” (1 Jn. 5:7). This is why it says here, “God created heaven and earth.”

https://books.google.com/books?id=YAYxzu8zqK8C&pg=PA98
13. The second point that follows from this is that the Son is in the Father and the Father in the Son (“I am in the Father and the Father is in me,” Jn. 14:11), and that the Son is one with the Father (“The Father and I are one,” Jn. 10:30). The same is true of the Holy Spirit, who is in the Son and the Son in him. He is in the Father and the Father is in him; he is “with the Son and with the Father.”99 This is why “These three are one” (1 Jn. 5:7), both because the Son and Holy Spirit proceed from and remain in the One, “in whom there is no number,” as Boethius says,100 and also because they are prior to everything that is on the outside and to the fall into what is exterior.
Franciscus of Marchia (1285/1290-after 1343),96

Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridget_of_Sweden
As John says in today's epistle, or, rather, as I say through John: 'There are three witnesses on earth, the Spirit, the water, and the blood, and three in heaven, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and these three are your witnesses. The Spirit, who protected you in the womb of your mother, bears witness concerning your soul that you belong to God through the baptismal faith that your parents professed in your stead.

https://books.google.com/books?id=A1jCBwAAQBAJ&pg=RA1-PA18

Conrad of Megenberg (1309-1374)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_of_Megenberg
Conradus Megenbergensis, Yconomica III, 1, p2; 1696 (auctor 1309-1374)
Unde Ysaye 6 per Seraphin ter sanctus clamantes et I Ioh. 5: Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in celo: Pater, verbum et spiritus sanctus et hii tres unum sunt.

John Wycliffe - (c.1320 -1384)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wycliffe
Sermon XXVI
https://books.google.com/books?id=f1EJAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA297
https://archive.org/stream/iohanniswyclifse0703wycl#page/202/mode/2up
Select English works
https://books.google.com/books?id=f1EJAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA289

Thomas of Cobham († c. 1333/1336),97


William Ockham 1288-1348 ,98

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_of_Ockham
98 Guillelmus de Ockham, Scriptum in librum primum Sententiarum, in William of Ockham, 1967-1979, 2:359; 4:228.
Et est mirabilis novitas vide re tres personas ab invicem non distinctas. Nam Filius non distinguitur a Patre, neque Spiritus sanctus a Patre et Filio, qui procedit ab eis; et tamen tres personae sunt, et hii tres unum sunt. Haec verba eius hacretica fidei catholicae inimica.
https://books.google.com/books?id=d2SFAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA61

Nicholas de Lyra- (c. 1270 - 1349)

... 1 John v. 7 (a.v). is brought in as an authority for the Doctrine of the Trinity thus:
‘The Blessed Trinity reveals Itself to the saints in a distinction of Persons, an emanation of the Word from the Father, and of the Holy Spirit from Both.’ The Father is unbegotten, the Word is begotten by Him, and the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father
and the Word. ‘ And these Three are One,’ that is ‘ in Essence, and so are one God, above all, full of glory.’

Grantley MaDonald, p. 64 110 Nicolaus de Lyra, in Glossa ordinaria, 1603, VI: 1414: “Et hi tres vnum sunt, in essentia, &
vnus Deus super omnia glorisosus."

The Holy Spirit in the mediaeval church : a study of Christian teaching concerning the Holy Spirit and His place in the Trinity, from the post-patristic age to the counter-Reformation
by Howard Watkin-Jones 1888-1953

http://www.archive.org/stream/holyspiritmediae00watkuoft#page/180/mode/2up
Robert Holcot - (1290c.-1349)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Holcot
(quotes Lombard, Sentences)
Assumptum probo quia haec est forma syllogismi expositorii: iste Pater generat, // iste Pater est essentia, ergo essentia generat. Similiter haec, ista essentia est Pater, ista essentia est Filius. ergo Filius est Pater. Et tamen in istis formis praemissae sunt verae. et conclusiones sunt falsae, ergo etc.

Ad oppositum, 1 Iohannis 5.(7]: “Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in caelo: Pater. Verbum et Spiritus Sanctus, et hi tres unum sunt," e Magister, 1 Sententiarum, d. 2, per totum.1
https://books.google.com/books?id=h2VO_LRvorkC&pg=PA66


Langland, William - (1332-1386)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Langland
Waymarks in the Mind: Finding the Kingdom in Langland’s Vulgate Quotations and Bible Contexts (2010)
Gail Leslie Blick
https://orca.cf.ac.uk/54127/1/U516665.pdf

(check that the text is Langland, not Blick)

Ambrose Traversari - (1386-1439 )
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Ambrose_Traversari

In 1424 he wrote to Niccoli of the powerful impression which his reading of the Greek text of Athanasius’ Contra gentiles, De incarnatione, and Disputatio contra Arium had made on him.
(All accepted as Athansius)

http://books.google.com/books?id=zIhpR5txgp0C&pg=PA60

Heymeric de Campo - (1395-1460)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heymeric_de_Campo
Preterea quicquid est in altero, est in illo per modum illius, in quo est. Sed vcritas, bonitas, vita, intelligencia, Pater, Filius, Spiritus sanctus et omnia, que conveniunt deo, habent indivisionem in sua <esscncia ct> esse. Ergo sunt essencialiter unum, prout de tribus personis clarc testatur Iohannes in sua prima canonica1, cum dicit: Tres sunt qui, testimonium pcrhibent in celo et hii tres unum sunt.
http://books.google.com/books?id=ZKam5uDe010C&pg=PA103


Heymeric de Campo - (1395-1460)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heymeric_de_Campo

Heymeric de Campo[1] (1395–1460) was a Dutch theologian and scholastic philosopher. He was a prominent Albertist,[2][3] and forerunner of Nicholas of Cusa. He studied at the University of Paris, and taught at Cologne (where Nicholas studied under him[4]), and Leuven.[5]
Opera selecta, Volume 1

Heymericus de Campo
http://books.google.com/books?id=ZKam5uDe010C&pg=PA103

Preterea quicquid est in altero, est in illo per modum illius, in quo est. Sed veritas, bonitas. vita, intelligencia, Pater, Filius, Spiritus sanctus et omnia, que conveniunt deo, habent indivisionem in sua <essencia ct=""> esse. Ergo sunt essencialiter unum, prout de tribus personis clare testatur Iohannes in sua prima canonica 1, cum dicit: Tres sunt qui, testimonium perhibent in celo et hii tres unum sunt.
1 Cf. I Io 5,7


Heinrich Kalteisen (1390-1464)
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Kalteisen
Collatio facta in die S. Trinitatis in illud 'Tres unum sunt.'
Henricus Kalteisen OP Collatio in die s. trinitatis in illud 'Tres unum sunt'
Wien, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB), Cod. 4975, Nr. 24
http://manuscripta.at/m1/bibliotheken_search.php?gnd=119242737


Emanuel (Manuel) Calecas (d. 1410)

https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/manuel-calecas
Manuelis Calecae Principiis Fidei Catholicae
de Principiis Fidei Catholicae

Ἀλλὰ μὴν τὰ ῥητὰ τῆς Γραφῆς τῷ Πατρὶ καὶ τῷ Υἱῷ τρίτον τῇ τάξει συναριθμοῦαι τὸ Πνεῦμα; Φησὶ γὰρ ὁ Χριστὸς, "Πορευθέντες εἰς τὸν κόσμον ἂπαντα, μαθητεύσατε πάντα τὰ ἔθνη, Βαπτίζοντε; αὐτοὺς εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ Πατρὸς καὶ Υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἅγίου Πνεύματος". (Matt 28:19) Καὶ ὁ Εὐαγγελιστὴς Ἰωάννης, "Τρεῖς εἰσιν οἱ μαρτυροῦντες, ὁ Πατὴρ, ὁ Λόγος καὶ τὸ Πνεῦμα τὸ ἅγιον". (1 John 5:7) Καὶ πάλιν, "Ὅταν δὲ ἔλθῃ ὁ παράκλητος, ὃν ἐγὼ πέμψω ὑμῖν, τὸ πνεῦμα τῆς ἀληθείας, ὃ παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκπορεύεται, ἐκεῖνος μαρτυρήσει περὶ ἐμοῦ". (John 15:26)

Migne Graeca PG 152, 515-516 [516B]
Manuēl patriarchu Kōnstantinupoleōs tu Kaleka, ta heuriskomena panta (1866)
https://books.google.com/books?id=F2Kn7DnG1uYC&pg=PA515


Dissertationes duae critico theologicae: Ia de his Joannis Evangelistae verbis (1713)
Louis Roger
https://books.google.com/books?id=_oBzWf22rOsC&pg=PA134

Thirteen Sermons Concerning the Doctrine of the Trinity: Preach'd at the Merchant's-lecture, at Salter's Hall (1722)
Edmund Calamy
https://books.google.com/books?id=WhwtAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA480

Referenced by John Mill, may be first in heavenly witnesses debate. Prudent Maran has a good section, as does Thomas Burgess, and he is frequently mentioned because he is a writer in Greek with the verse before the Reformation era of Erasmus.

Assistance on English and Greek from Mike Ferrando.
Joseph Bryennius (c. 1350-1430) (Bryennios)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Bryennios
https://referenceworks.brillonline....muslim-relations-i/joseph-bryennius-COM_25860

Bryennius by contrast, (to Manuel Calecas) a strident opponent of union with Rome, translated the comma as he found in the Latin Vulgate, including two of its divergances from the Greek text: the reading “for Christ is the truth” in 1 Jn 5:6, and the omission of the concluding clause of 1 Jn 5:8.115 - Grantley p. 65-66, references Porson, Seller and Riggenbach, he omits the English which you can see here from John Kitto Cyclopedia by W. W.:
https://books.google.com/books?id=nyBbE2tCyCIC&pg=PA139


SA Note: this Bryennius reference was published by Eugenius Bulgaris in 1768, discussed on another PBF, and in some depth by Grantley in Ghost of Arius and here:
https://books.google.com/books?id=QgvFDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA114
=================================
END NEW
=================================

All of these I think most show the heavenly witnesses, except most of the Greeks. And it would be interesting to know how many of these were multi-lingual like Aquinas (at least to a degree)

======================================
 
Last edited:

Steven Avery

Administrator
Grantley Robert McDonald medieval Latin list

The book list I had might be a bit different and can be compared.

Raising the ghost of Arius : Erasmus, the Johannine comma and religious difference in early modern Europe
Grantley Robert McDonald
Faculty of the Humanities, Leiden University 2011-02-15
https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/16486
PDF
https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/bitstream/handle/1887/16486/Dissertation McDonald postprint.pdf
p. 57-58

Peter Damian (c. 1007-1072),84

Rupert of Deutz (c. 1070-1129/1130),85

Bernard of Clairvaux (c. 1090-1153),86

Peter Lombard (c. 1095-1160),87

Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179),88

Petrus Cellensis (1115-1183),89

Baldwin of Canterbury († 1190),90

Guillaume of Saint-Jacques de Liege (twelfth century),91

Peter Abelard (1079-1142),92

Alexander of Ashby (c. 1150-c. 1208),93

Bonaventure (1217/1218-1274),94

Guillaume Durand (1237-1296),95

Franciscus of Marchia (1285/1290-after 1343),96

Thomas of Cobham († c. 1333/1336),97

William of Ockham (c. 1290/1300-c. 1349/1350),98


Neckam, 1988,73-84, 99
84 Petrus Damiani, Epist. X, in Damiani, 1983-1993, 4.1:132.

85 Rupertus Tuitiensis, De gloria et honore filii hominis super Matthaeum III, PL 169:731; De sancta trinitate et operibus eius XXXVI (De operibus Spiritus Sancti III), CCCM 24:1907, 1910, 1924: "Igitur sicut tres sunt qui testimonium dant in terra ut in communionem ecclesiæ recipiamur sic tres sunt qui testimonium dant in caelo ut in regnum caelorum introeamus. Tres isti testes sunt pater et uerbum et spiritus sanctus."

86 Bernard of Clairvaux, Sententiae I.1, in Bernard, 1957-1977, 6,2:7. The Glossa ordinaria, 1603, VI:1414, cites Bernard as suggesting that the three infernal worms of Is 66 likewise bear witness: "His qui in coelo sunt datur testimonium beatitudinis, his qui in terra, iustificationis, his qui in inferno sunt, damnationis. Primum testimonium est gloriae, secundum gratiae, tertium irae."

87 Petrus Lombardus, Sententiae I.2.5.3.1, PL 192:528, 590.

88 Hildegard von Bingen, Scivias III.7.8, CCCM 43:470.

89 Petrus Cellensis, Tractatus de tabernaculo I.7, PL 202:1079.

90 Balduinus de Forda (Balduinus Cantuariensis), De commendatione fidei 66, CCCM 99:402; Tractatus de sacramento altaris, CCCM 99:413, 416.

91 Guillaume de Saint-Jacques de Liège, De benedictione Dei 26, in Haring, 1972, 168.

92 Petrus Abaelardus, Theologia christiana, CCCM 12:271 (possibly drawing on Facundus, Pro defensione trium capitulorum I.3); Theologia "Summi boni", CCCM 13:160.

93 Alexander of Ashby, Meditatio IX, CCCM 188:442.

94 Bonaventure, Collationes in Hexaemeron II.1, in Bonaventure, 1934, 113-114: "Intellectus enim noster per fidem illuminatus clamat ter Sanctus in confessione trium et tantum semel dicit: Dominus deus. Notitia enim dei est in cognitione trium personarum cum essentiae unitate unde Ioan.: Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in caelo. Intellectus ergo noster seraphico lumine et incendio per fidem clamat ter Sanctus et alter respondet: Sanctus Sanctus Sanctus. […] Non enim cognoscitur incaarnatio nisi præcognita discretione personarum. Sabellius enim, personas non distinguens, habet necesse sentire patrem incarnatum et passum. Nec trinitas cognoscitur sine [114] incarnatione quia etiam tres sunt qui testimonium dant in terra, scilicet spiritus, hoc est deitas, aqua, hoc est caro, sanguis, hoc est anima; si autem Trinitatem vis cognoscere sine incarnatione, tunc non vis habere testimonium in terra sed tantum in caelo. Nunc autem utrobique est testimonium." See also Collationes II.2, 1934, 118; and Sermo de Trinitate (sermo 27), in Bonaventure, 1993, 360-364.

95 Guillelmus Duranti, Rationale diuinorum officiorum IV.25.17, CCCM 140:368: “Dicens uero: ‘Patrem,’ incipit personas distinguere, de quibus Ysaias: Quis appendit tribus digitis molem terre? [Is 40:12], et alibi: Seraphim clamat Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus [Is 6:3]; et Dominus: Baptizate omnes gentes in nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus sancti [Mt 28:19]; et Iohannes: Tres sunt qui testimonium dant in celo, Pater, Verbum et Spiritus [1 Jn 5:7]. Pater est prima, non tempore sed auctoritate, in Trinitate persona.â€

96 Franciscus de Marchia, Commentarius in IV libros Sententiarum, in Franciscus de Marchia, 2003, 559.

97 Thomas of Cobham, Sermones, CCCM 82A:14.

98 Guillelmus de Ockham, Scriptum in librum primum Sententiarum, in William of Ockham, 1967-1979, 2:359; 4:228.

99 Neckam, 1988,73-84.

More
100 pope Innocent III (Lottario dei Conti di Segni, 1160/1161
chant books
4th Lateran Council
Joachim of Flores
Peter Lombard
Paschasius Radbertus

Guillaume of Saint-Thierry (c. 1085-1148) had also shown a remarkably historical view of the textual
Guillelmus abbas (1085-1148 AD)
Aenigma fidei. PL 180, col 0409B

Ambrosius Autpertus
Thomas Aquinas - p. 63 Augustine or Peter Lombard? check this out
Nicolaus de Lyra
attack on KJVToday p. 65
 
Last edited:

Steven Avery

Administrator
research needed

Novi ex codicibus vaticanis sermones item speculum et alya quaedam cum diversorum patrum scriptis et tabulis XVI., Volume 1 (1852)[FONT=&quot]
FRAGMENTUM DIALOGI HOMINIS CATHOLICI CUM HAERETICO
[/FONT]

https://books.google.com/books?id=ywFQAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA496
search
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&hl=en&q=%22Fragmentum+Dialogi+hominis+Catholici+Cum+Haeretico[FONT=&quot]
[/FONT]
The book is Augustine sermons and related fragments and Speculum?
Hilary on p. 489 has interesting John Quote
p. 496 is the key one - it has a Priscillian sense.

Unde et Iohannes in epistola sua ait : tres sunt qui testimonium dicunt in caelo, pater, Verbum et spiritus sanctus

2). In Christo lesu unum sunt; non tamcn unus est. quia non est corum una persona. Numquid aliut c) scntiendum est, quam pater vcrus unus qui gcnuit, idem non sit qui et genilus ab ipso est? et filius unus qui non genuit, pater non sit? et spiritus sanctus, qui nec pater nec filius, alter sit in persona ? Praeterea qui nec genuit nec nalus refcrtur ?
Interesting new today, Ulm ms. something about a Gerbert, and more.[FONT=&quot]
Georg Andreas Will
[/FONT]
https://books.google.com/books?id=DslKAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA179

Cipolla on Priscillian - ever checked ?


Middle Ages Theology Refs
https://books.google.com/books?id=2o5V2GWlaFIC&pg=PA191#v=onepage&q=walter&f=false

 

Steven Avery

Administrator
books and resources that focus on medieval and pre-Reformation commentators

WIP

Studies in Medieval Thought and Learning From Abelard to Wyclif (1981)
Beryl Smalley FBA -
https://books.google.com/books?id=fXivAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA9
Beryl Smalley (1905-1984)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beryl_Smalley
Complutensian sections

An Introduction to the 'Glossa Ordinaria' as Medieval Hypertext - p. 040 -
David A. Solomon -
https://books.google.com/books?id=rlWuBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA40

Erasmus idols - Reform and Conflict: From the Medieval World to the Wars of Religion,
- Rudoph W. Heinze, Tim Dowley
https://books.google.com/books?id=_40qBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA1

Isaiah: interpreted by early interpreted by early Christian and medieval commentators (2007)
Wilken - Christman, Hollerich,
http://books.google.com/books?id=iLko35Hh-JMC&pg=PA128

Biblical Humanism and Scholasticism in the Age of Erasmus
by Erika Rummel
https://archive.org/details/BiblicalHumanismAndScholasticismInTheAgeOfErasmus/page/n2
https://ia800902.us.archive.org/1/it...%20Erasmus.pdf
 

Steven Avery

Administrator
Rupert of Deutz, Tuiteiensis, has an interesting section noted by Westcott, where he interprets. Grantley gives two other references, but this one is better.

Also note that Bandinus / Bandini is connected to, but different than Peter Lombard.
 

Steven Avery

Administrator
Speculum .. 8th-9th century or origin with Augustine?

my 2008 note .. compare with Grantley
https://www.tapatalk.com/groups/bibleversiondiscussionboard/speculum-or-latin-ms-m-t3934.html#p48468

Scrivener actually gives more salient information p. 258, helpful albeit still rudimentary.

m. This letter indicates the readings extracted by Mai (Spicilegium Romanum, 1843, Tom. ix. pp. 61—86) from a " Speculum" [vi or vu] which, has been ascribed to Augustine, and is unique for containing extracts from the whole 1ST. T. except St Mark, 3 John, Hebrews, and Philemon. It is in the Monastery of Santa Croce, or Bibliotheca Sessoriana (No. 58) at Rome. "Wiseman drew attention to it in his celebrated " Two Letters," 1835 (see p. 255), because it contains 1 John v. 7 in two different places. Both he and Mai furnish facsimiles. This "Speculum" (published in full by Mai, Patrum Nova Collectio, Yol. i. pt. 2, 1852) consists of extracts from both Testaments, arranged in chapters under various heads or topics. What Scrivener discusses on p. 255 is a section where Wiseman demonstrates, among other things, that the Sessoriana Speculum quotes the African Bible text as used by Augustine. Augustine also used an Italian text and was generally adverse to the Vulgate of Jerome. The Aland comment "reasons unknown" is humorous in its ignorance and/or deception. The type of hokum you expect from Aland or Metzger or Wallace.

To start you can simply read the Nicholas Wiseman section. And you can note the comment by Possidius, the biographer of Augustine, that he was working on such a work at the time of his death, as mentioned by Sanday, who also mentions that the Preface is quoted in the 6th century by Eugippius.

Since Aland did not do any homework, or decided to hide the history, you can also look at the placement of the Speculum de Scriptura in Augustine's writings by scholars who specialize on Augustine, like Mary T. Clark's work in 2005 .
Augustine
Mary T. Clark
http://books.google.com/books?id=1J3yD_H-ZOEC&pg=PR18
1602429163967.png


Grantley - RGA
Secondly, it has often been claimed that Augustine cited the comma in a work called Speculum, but this claim is based on a confusion between
two treatises called Speculum, sometimes found together in the same manuscripts, only one of which—SpeculumQuis ignorat”, the one that does not contain the comma—was written by the great African Father.35

35 The presence of the comma in the Speculum, first publicised in two letters published by Nicholas (later cardinal) Wiseman in 1832 and 1833 (repr. in Wiseman, 1853, 1:5-70), has caused some confusion, since there are two treatises of this name attributed to Augustine, both of which are included in Weihrich’s edition in CSEL 12: the Speculum “Quis ignorat” and the Speculum “Audi Israhel”. Only the first of these—preserved in Munich, BSB clm 14513 (ninth century); Chartres ms 33 (ninth century); Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek ms 137 (tenth century); Vatican, BAV cod. Pal. 198 (tenth or eleventh century); Paris, BnF ms. lat. 2473 (thirteenth century)—is actually by Augustine. (When Erasmus came to include the Speculum “Quis ignorat” in his edition of Augustine’s works, printed by Froben in 1528, he even called the authenticity of that work into question.) The Speculum “Audi Israhel”—preserved in Rome, Biblioteca della Basilica di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, ms 58 (codex Sessorianus, eighth or ninth century); Paris, BnF ms lat. 6400G (codex Floriacensis, fourth to seventh century, also known as ms h, Beuron 55, fragmentary); Avranches ms 87 (ninth century); Paris BnF ms lat. 15082 (twelfth century); Paris, BnF ms. lat. 2977A (eleventh or twelfth century); Paris, BnF ms nouv. acq. 256 (twelfth century); and in abridged versions in Paris, BnF ms lat. 4/42 (codex Aniciensis), formerly in Le Puy-en-Velay; and Paris, BnF ms lat. 9380 (ninth century), 338-346—contains a selection of scriptural passages organised under a number of doctrinal heads. There are a number of reasons to doubt that this work was compiled by Augustine: it uses a different biblical text from that found in Augustine’s other works; it quotes from the ps.-Pauline Epistle to the Laodiceans, which Augustine rejected; and it employs the Western order of the Gospels (Matthew, John, Luke, Mark), which Augustine likewise avoided. Further, see Weihrich, 1881; Weihrich’s introduction to CSEL 12; and Sanday, 1890, who question some of Wiseman’s claims. In any case, the text of the comma cited in the Speculum “Audi Israhel”, CSEL 12:325-326, reads: “Spiritus est qui testimonium reddit, quia spiritus est ueritas. Item illic: Tres sunt qui testimonium dicunt in cælo, pater, uerbum et spiritus, et hii tres unum sunt.” The transmission is not consistent in the mss; Avranches 87, Paris 15082 and Paris 2977A read: “Spiritus est qui dicit in cælo pater uerbum et spiritus et hii tres unum sunt.”
 
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