the earliest scholastic arguments for οϛ

Steven Avery

John Berriman has Samuel Clarke in 1712 at least considering οϛ

The Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity

However, more serious proposals are probably around Griesbach, late 1700s, need to check.


Letters in answer to some queries sent to the author [J. Mawer] concerning the genuine reading of the Greek text, 1 Tim. iii. 16

Now first published on Occasion of Sir Isaac Newton’s Two Letters to Mr. Le Clerc, lately published.
(1758) Letter 1 dated Sept 23, 1738 - p. 9 Letter 2 dated Nov, 29. 1738 - p. 19 Letter 3, Feb 13, 1738-39 - p. 31 Letter 4 Aug 1, 1739
John Mawer (1702/1703-1763)
John Mawer - Oxford DNB


The History of the Works of the Learned ...: Containing Impartial Accounts and Accurate Abstracts of the Most Valuable Books Published in Great-Britain and Foreign Parts. Interspers'd with Dissertations on Several Curious and Intertaining Subjects, Critical Reflections, and Memoirs of the Most Eminent Writers in All Branches of Polite Literature. Jan. 1737-Dec. 1743, Volume 2

Article Two: Mr. Berriman's Critical Dissertation -
p. 29-49
July 1741
os -
Newton and Jurin discussed around p. 50
August 1741
p. 105-117

Part 2
A Continuation of Mr. Berriman’j Critical Dissertation on i Tim. iii. 16.
* See The Works of the Learned for July and August 1741.
p. 130-p.144
Ridpath, George et al Leslie Stephen ?

Check Jan 1741, also June 1741 mentioned on p. 49-50 - Newton on different topic Lemma - Philalethes


Theos Ephanerōthē en Sarki, Or, A Critical Dissertation Upon 1 Tim. Iii. 16: Wherein Rules are Laid Down to Distinguish in Various Readings which is Genuine : an Account is Given of Above a Hundred Greek Manuscripts of St. Paul's Epistles (many of Them Not Heretofore Collated) : the Writings of the Greek and Latin Fathers and the Ancient Versions are Examin'd and the Common Reading of that Text, God was Manifest in the Flesh, is Prov'd to be the True One : Being the Substance of Eight Sermons Preach'd at the Lady Moyer's Lecture in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London, in the Years 1737 and 1738 (1741)
John Berriman

Here are some bookmarks from this paper


Some Berriman-Newton info is in
Newton and Newtonianism - p. 108-109
http://books. The
Including some about Newton inaccurate translation of the Greek
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Steven Avery

1800s - Ebenezer Henderson

Ebenezer Henderson (1784-1858)

The Great Mystery of Godliness Incontrovertible; Or, Sir Isaac Newton and the Socinians Foiled in the Attempt to Prove a Corruption in the Text, 1 Tim. III. 16, [theòs Ephanerōthē en Sarki]: Containing a Review of the Charges Brought Against the Passage; an Examination of the Various Readings; and a Confirmation of that in the Received Text on Principles of General and Biblical Criticism (1830)
Ebenezer Henderson - Title Page

Mill, Bengel, Venema, Wesseling, Berriman, Baumgarten, Ernesti, Titmann, Knapp, Grieve, Woide, Royaards, Jan van Voorst, Wardlaw, Laurence, Nolan, Burton, Moses Stuart, - Baumgarten, Siegmund Jakob



Congregational Review (1830) PRO
p. 593-602

Eclectic Review (1831)
p. 38-53

Biblical Repository (1832)
p. 001-056? p. 69
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Steven Avery

The Mystery of Godliness: God Manifest in the Flesh - 1 Timothy 3:16
The twenty-seventh Sermon, being the eighth upon the third Chapter 16
John Calvin

Theodore Beza
The Religious Opinion of Milton, Locke and Newton
by Herbert McLachlan
Beza once said it was the foul work of the devil to deprive Christians of the word “ God ” in i Timothy iii. i6, as “ There is scarcely another passage in which all the mysteries of our redemption are explained so magnificently or so clearly.”

Disputationis Theologicae Ex dicto Apostolico 1. Joh. 5. v. 7. Tres sunt, qui testimonium dant in coelo, Pater, Verbum & Spiritus sanctus, & hi tres unum sunt: A Johanne Gerhardo ... Publicè institutae Pars ...: Canonicam Dicti Autoritatem Asserens. (1619)
Johann Gerhard, David Tancke, Isaac Fröreisen

Polish Sacred Philology in the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation: Chapters in the History of the Controversies (1551-1632)
Simon Budny

Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics: The Triunity of God
Richard A. Muller

the traditional reading of the text, which, they note, has the support of many of the fathers of the first five centuries. Diodati, Poole, Trapp, and Henry accept the reading, “God was manifest in the flesh," without comment on the textual difficulties — and all four understand the text as a testimony to the identity of Christ as the eternal Son or Word of God.'” The orthodox writers of the day were not ready to give up 1 Timothy 3:16 to the Socinians or the text critics -- from their perspective the balance of evidence , whether textual from the extant codices or theological from the grammar of the text , favored their cause. Against the Racovian Catechism, Pearson commented that “when they tell us that God, that is, the will of God, was manifested m the flesh, that is, was revealed by frail and mortal men, and received up in glory,... they teach us a language which the scriptures know not, and the Holy Ghost never used. 159

159 Referring directly to the texts of Liberatus Diaconus and Hincmar of Rheims , moreover , Pearson disputed the claim that the alteration could have come from the Nestorians , given the presence of θεός. in the writings of the Greek fathers prior to the Nestorian controversy and in the writings of Cyril of Alexandria , Nestorius ' opponent. Given also the number of Greek codices that concurred with the orthodox fathers’ reading, Pearson concluded that θεός. was a valid reading, as ancient as ὃ or ὅς.160


John Pearson
See if Pearson discusses

p. 296

Calvin’s comment on 1 Timothy 3:16 — “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory" — is of considerable interest to the later Reformed orthodox reading inasmuch as it not only highlights the importance of the text to traditional doctrinal understanding and even focuses on the phrase " God ...

An explanation of the grand mystery of godliness (1660)
Henry More

Dissertatio theologica de incarnatione filli Dei ex. i. Tim. III. 16 (1683)
Deutschmann, Johann - Christianus, Johannes

Meditatio super 1 Timoth. III, 16., de manifestatione Dei in carne - (1723)
Gesamt-Universität (Jena)

Observations on various subjects. I. On the Seven Times Seventy Years of Daniel, ch. ix. 24-27. II. On the Canon of the Old Testament. III. On the True Reading of the passage 1 Tim. iii. 16 -(1773)
Johann Caspar Velthusen

Vindiciae Vocis theos I Timoth. III, 16 (1777)
Georg Friedrich Weber, Philipp Heinrich Patrick

The Panoplist, and Missionary Magazine United (1811)
p. 538-549 reviews Griesbach EXC
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