Timothy M. Mitchell - Jerome "all the Greek codices" - dating Luke after the Gospel of Thomas

Steven Avery


Where Inspiration is Found: Putting the New Testament Autographs in Context (2021)
Timothy M. Mitchell

"Jerome mentions that the long ending was absent from all the Greek codices in his day."

Referencing in a footnote Metzger and Donaldson.

The Amy Donaldson paper has the quote and does not support the claim.

Explicit References to New Testament Variant Readings among Greek and Latin Church Fathers - Vol 2

"In the more accurate copies, the Gospel according to Mark has its end at ―for they were afraid." In some copies, however, this also is added,—―Now when He was risen early the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven devils."

And then Jerome goes on to say that there really is no contradiction when the longer ending is included, which is the context of the discussion.


Another puzzle in the article:

"This process that Luke describes necessitates editing at some level, ordering the eyewitness accounts, weaving in scriptural quotations, and selecting from a larger corpus of Jesus’s parables (Gospel of Thomas Saying 22; John 20:30-31) using the composition tools and practices of his Greco-Roman milieu."

This looks like Timothy is saying that Luke utilized:

The Gospel of Thomas, saying 22

However, there is no reason for super-late dating of Luke or super-early dating of the Gospel of Thomas.

And I date Luke to c. 41 AD based on his writing to the high priest Theophilus. However, the difficulty of placing Luke after the Gospel of Thomas exists with later dating as well.

Perhaps Timothy has a different point in the Gospel of Thomas reference, however no other explanation is apparent.



Steven Avery
Dutchess County, NY, USA
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