William Dodd

Steven Avery

William Dodd (priest) (1729-1777)
William Dodd (29 May 1729 – 27 June 1777) was an English Anglican clergyman and a man of letters.[1] He lived extravagantly, and was nicknamed the "Macaroni Parson". He dabbled in forgery in an effort to clear his debts, and was caught and convicted. Despite a public campaign for a Royal pardon, in which he received the assistance of Samuel Johnson, he was hanged at Tyburn for forgery.

Published works
He wrote several published works, including poems, a novel, and theological tracts. His most successful work was The Beauties of Shakespeare (1752), in which he may be said to have invented the "index.".[7] He also wrote a Commentary on the Bible (1765–1770), and composed the blank verse Thoughts in Prison while in Newgate Prison between his conviction and execution.[1]

Rev. William Dodd

Encyclopedia Brittanica

William Dodd, the Macaroni Parson
By Ciaran Conliffe Last updated Nov 12, 2015

The Newgate Calendar
Doctor of Divinity, Prebendary of Brecon, Chaplain-in-Ordinary to his Majesty, and Minister to the Magdalen Hospital. Executed at Tyburn, 27th of June, 1777, for Forgery

Street-Lore of Bath

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Steven Avery

William Todd Poetry

Hymn to Hope

ALL hail, bright Hope! Thou, when the fatal box,

2 Replete with ills, was sent by angry Jove

3 In punishment of Japhet'sq daring son,

4 When every woe of fearful name flew forth

5 To vex the human race, thou kindly deign'dst

6 To stay behind, man's gentle comforter,

7 Life's balm and blessing! or, without the aid

8 Of truth-assimilated fiction, thou

9 Wast given by God himself, a chearing light

10 To guide man's feet, driv'n from fair Eden's groves

11 Across the untrack'd wilderness of life

12 To Heaven's blest mansions: where and where alone

13 Thy office, friendly Hope, shall sweetly cease

14 To full fruition yielded! But on earth,

15 Nay, not, perchance, ev'n in fair Eden's groves,

16 Are thy assuasive consolations vain:

17 For what is life, or what its highest scenes

18 Of boasted happiness, if present bliss
19 Bounds the horizon of our views; nor Hope,

20 With eagle eye, kens aught beyond, on which

21 To fix the future, ardent, heart's desire,

22 To fill the soul, and make the rapid wish

23 Run o'er with plentitude of joy? — Vain, vain,

24 To man's felicity, in youth or age,

25 The present draught of pleasure, tho' once wish'd

26 With all the eagerness of panting thirst.

27 Deep, deep he drinks, and longs for more! From hope

28 To hope he springs: he views, and still extends

29 His view: o'er cloud-capt Alps new Alps arise!

30 He gains the summit: still the prospect wide

31 Enlarges to his eye: forward he fares

32 Nor ceases to ascend, till high in heaven

33 He rides at anchor, and then Hope's no more.

34 But O! thou general blessing, smiling Hope!

35 Thy lucid ray, not only leads us on

36 From view to view; not only dost thou chear

37 With expectation sweet of future good;

38 But with serenity of present bliss

39 Thou fill'st the heart expectant! Hope can give

40 Habitual good-humour! To the soul

41 A vital heat: she quickens the still parts,

42 Nay, ev'n in motion keeps the springs of life!

43 And when most indolent, and most remiss,

44 Or rouzes, or preserves the mind awake.

45 See, too, how few — and ev'n those few how short —

46 Are actual enjoyments! But thro' thee,

47 Blest Hope, we gain a taste, delicious taste

48 Of pleasures possible! Taste, not less sweet,
49 Perchance, than real: for kind Hope bestows

50 A bliss in expectation, not less full,

51 And fuller oft than ripe fruition brings:

52 Fruition, haughty nymph, she never deigns

53 To walk with humble Hope, who, at her sight

54 Retires, abash'd, unnotic'd, and unthank'd!

55 But O! blest comforter, ingrate to thee

56 Let me not ever prove, should wish'd success

57 Crown my heart's hope! let me not e'er forget

58 The dear indulgences thy soothing views

59 Have to my soul presented! Yet, O yet —

60 Thy promis'd consummation too, too long

61 Delay'd, the heart in deep despondence sighs,

62 And sickens sad with care. O then, indulge

63 Thy votary's prayer, nor ever let me lose

64 Thy chearing aspect; never let the night

65 Of black despondence, with its dismal veil,

66 My little prospects in thick darkness wrap!

67 Nor yet too long delay to grant my wish

68 Accomplishment, if worthy! So my soul

69 Invigorated still shall onward press

70 To more and more improvement: nor grow faint

71 Till the big buds of Hope terrestrial burst

72 To blossoms full and fair in better climes!

73 But say, bright Hope, what numbers shall be found,

74 Worthy to sing thy praise: for that thy hand

75 Not only to the happiest life imparts

76 Its zest, its relish; but with tender care

77 Is stretch'd forth to assuage the wretch's woe,
78 To soothe the anguish of disease and pain;

79 And soften sad adversity's rough bed!

80 Thou only cheap and universal cure

81 Of human ills — of human sorrow, thou

82 Best comforter, and oft, full oft, alas!

83 The only comforter the wretched find!

84 Ah! see from that unfortunate, o'erwhelm'd

85 In the deep gulph of sorrow, with what speed,

86 What cruel speed, as from contagion, all

87 With one consent are flying! — and will none,

88 For gentle pity's sake, remain behind

89 To comfort the distrest! Yes, faithful Hope

90 Benevolently stays! and, flatterer kind,

91 Her far-foreseeing tube applies, thro' which

92 The eye, tho' dim with mourning, oft discerns

93 Future and happier days, thro' the black gloom

94 Of melancholy prospects shining bright.

95 Ah, honest flatterer! — yes, for once the muse

96 Commends, what most the worthy mind abhors,

97 And calls thee honest flatterer: for while all

98 Assiduous join to adulate the blest,

99 Hope, tender Hope alone, with soft concern,

100 Flatters th' unhappy! and when every friend

101 Flies from the ship-wreck'd, naked, ruin'd wretch;

102 When every woe, in dire array, crowds round,

103 Ev'n then, in that sad hour, Hope still remains,

104 As loth to leave (divine philanthrophist!)

105 Her labour of disinterested love!
106 See — with those anxious sailorsr, see her watch

107 Her eye! almost exhausted on the mast,

108 The top-mast of yon high Admiral

109 Just peeping from those waves! that have ingulph'd

110 The gallant vessel with its hapless crew,

111 Save those who sit, as if for bitterer fate

112 Reserv'd, long wakeful nights and anxious days

113 High on the top-mast! fearing instant death

114 From each insulting wave! yet, yet, not yet

115 Will Hope desert them! See, she strains her eye

116 Far o'er the trackless occan: see, she looks,

117 With eager expectation, looks around!

118 Wild winds alone are heard: green waves alone,

119 Foaming with fury, are beheld! O Hope,

120 Blest Hope! forsake them not: should'st thou forsake,

121 And from the top mast fly, they fall, they sink

122 Irrevocably lost! — She will not go;

123 Still will she watch; nor watch in vain! she spies

124 A white sail, rising from the waves: it comes;

125 Behold! it comes, and in its bosom bears

126 Thrice-precious life! They faint for joy! their feet

127 Scarce bear them trembling to the welcome bark;
128 Where safely boarded — Hope her golden wings

129 Plumes, and exulting shoots across the deep,

130 Quick as in winter's skies the radiant star!

131 But whither thus precipitate her flight

132 Urges the general comforter? Behold

133 Where, stretch'd upon the bed of sore disease,

134 Worn out with pain, the sick man languid lies!

135 She comes, blest Hope! and lo! her kindly arm

136 Rears from the pillow his enfeebled head,

137 And lenient sooths his melancholy heart!

138 Now, pointing to fair Health, with roseate bloom,

139 Rekindling vigour in the mantling cheek:

140 Now, to the robe of white and crown of gold,

141 Reserv'd for Christ's true servants, in the realms

142 Of everlasting day! — Thrice faithful Hope,

143 Thou, like the heart, liv'st first, and diest last;

144 Nor, ev'n in death's extremest pangs, wilt leave

145 The fluttering soul — but, when earth's fears and joys

146 Sink into darkness all, thy beaming light

147 Unvelopes prospects new, and better far,

148 Prospects which make man, man: and cause the soul

149 In death to triumph, and defy the grave.

150 Nor ceases with the man of sorrow, stretch'd

151 On bed of sickness, Hore's indulgent aid:

152 The balm of comfort, see, how she presents

153 To the dear tender partner of his heart,

154 The wife, with weeping love, beside the couch

155 Watching solicitous, with sleepless eye!

156 Hope shews her the fond husband, to her arms

157 Once more restor'd: Hope to her aching heart
158 The valued parent represents, once more

159 Smiling amidst his children: and endear'd,

160 As thus endanger'd, tenfold more endear'd!

161 Look thro' the varied scenes of hapless life,

162 Hope, all-beneficent, is ever found

163 Where-e'er is found affliction! None so low

164 Can sink, but Hope will to their wretchedness

165 Descend, and point out consolation's star

166 Bright'ning in better skies! not ev'n the slave,

167 Loaden with cruel chains, deep in the mines

168 Of rich Potosi, toiling, though from light

169 Ever sequester'd of all-cheering day,

170 Can, from her light, be hid! See, through his soul

171 It shoots illuminating: and affords

172 Bright blessing glances of his native land,

173 Recover'd freedom, and rejoicing friends!

174 All hail, bright Hope! O, thro' the weary ways

175 Of this bad world, be thou the pilgrim's staff

176 On which my hands may lean, and find support

177 'Gainst all despondency! yet, Goddess! say,

178 While on thy altars all of human race

179 Devoutly sacrifice; while to thy shrine

180 All mortals bend the knee; whence doth it hap,

181 That oft the mournful tongue proclaims thee false,

182 And dares to desecrate thy hallow'd name,

183 Deceitful calling thee; and apt to slide

184 Full oft from the embrace, ev'n in the hour

185 Of highest expectation: often found

186 To promise what thou never dost bestow?
187 "Vain mortals — (yes, with serious solemn heed,

188 I mark thy words, celestial!) —" Mortals! know,

189 "'Tis not in Hope, 'tis in yourselves, deceiv'd

190 " And still deceiving, that the error lies:

191 "Short-liv'd, and of a span, ye stretch your hopes,

192 " Proud hopes of sublunary happiness,

193 "Far into time, as if of time secure,

194 " As if on earth immortal! or those hopes

195 "On objects fix, incapable to bless,

196 " When granted to your wishes! or, more vain,

197 "By self-delusion blinded, fancy-led,

198 " Ye idly hope, where reason's self recoils:

199 "Thus rendering your existence, dream at best,

200 " Still more a dream! — Less credulous and fond,

201 "Mortals, be-wise; either as mortals hope,

202 " Or, still more wise, hope as immortals! " Yes!

203 With sacred awe thy counsel I receive,

204 Blest teacher: O assist me to obey

205 Its dictates: far above this waning moon,

206 Teach me to rise o'er momentary bliss,

207 Triumphant: and to soar on thy bright wings

208 Beyond the lessen'd clouds, beyond all time

209 Deep into vast immensity! where thou,

210 Tho' born of immortality, and proof

211 Of thy high parent's glory — where, ev'n thou,

212 Earth's blessing — never, never shalt be known!

213 Then, farewell, Hope, for ever! — then adieu,

214 Sweet expectation; when each ravish'd sense

215 Lives in the plenitude of God's own joy!
216 But, till that hour, O deign, all-cheering Hope,

217 To smile before me: gild my prospects round

218 With thy reviving splendor: full in view

219 Present the vast realities, which wait

220 Th' immortal stranger, travelling from this world

221 To his eternal home, his rest, his haven!

222 So shall my heart ne'er with impatient throbs

223 Pant for th' uncertain, sublunary gifts

224 Of this e'er-changing life! So Reason's hand

225 With Fortitude attending, on shall lead

226 To the neat cottage of retir'd Content,

227 Where dwells man's truest happiness! there lodg'd,

228 Like Caesar, with a generous disdain

229 Present possessions nobly I'll despise,

230 And from them frankly part, in the full hope,

231 Hope, which can ne'er deceive, nor mount too high,

232 Hope of possessions, future, better far:

233 Boundless duration: bliss immutable!

234 Hail then, bright Hope! of immortality

235 True, genuine daughter! hail, man's chiefest good,

236 And his best portion, while no mor than man!

237 Smile o'er the human race: and still vouchsafe

238 To gild, to gladden all their joys: to soothe

239 With gentle blandishment their woes: to fill

240 With just contempt of transitory life!

241 Still realizing to their raptur'd view

242 Heaven's high felicities! O! while strong Faith,

243 With steady finger, points us to our home,

244 Do thou invigorate our active feet

245 Along the rugged way: full, sull in sight
246 Place that home's glories: while thy sister Love

247 Charms us the while, the weary journey through;

248 And, when it ends, receive us from the arms

249 Of Faith and thee; to take up our abode

250 In realms, where GOD and LOVE are all in all.

Steven Avery

Publications - William Todd

Diggon Davy: a pastoral, on the death of his last cow. 1747.
The African prince when in England to Zara. 1749.
Zara at the Court of Annamaboe to the African Prince. 1749.
A new book of the Dunciad. 1750.
An elegy on the death of the Prince of Wales. 1751.
A day in vacation at college: a burlesque poem. 1751.
The beauties of Shakespeare. 2 vols, 1752.
An epistle to a lady concerning truths in religion. 1753.
A sermon preached ... before the president and governors of the city lying-in hospital. 1754.
The sisters: or the history of Lucy and Caroline Sanson. 2 vols, 1754.
The hymns of Callimachus translated. 1755.
The sinful Christian condemn'd by his own prayers. A sermon. 1755.
The easiness of Christ's yoke. A sermon. 1756.
The nature and necessity of fasting. 1756.
Discourses on the miracles and parables. 4 vols, 1757-58.
Thoughts on the epiphany of Christ: a poetical essay. 1758.
Hall, Joseph, Contemplations on the histories of the New Testament. [ed. Dodd]. 2 vols, 1759.
Ode to the Marchioness of Granby. 1759.
A sermon preached ... before the Governors of the Magdalen House. 1759.
Unity recommended in a sermon. 1759.
The Christian's magazine: or a treasury of divine knowledge [ed. Dodd]. 1760-67.
Hymn to good nature. 1760.
A sermon ... preached at the Chapel of the Magdalen House. 1760.
The wisdom and goodness of God in the vegetable kingdom. A sermon. 1760.
Account of the Magdalen charity. 1761.
A conference between mystic, an Huchinsonian, and others. 1761.
The wisdom and goodness of God in the vegetable kingdom farther considered in a second sermon. 1761.
The wisdom and goodness of God in the vegetable kingdom farther considered in a third sermon. 1761.
A familiar explication of the poetical works of Milton. 1762.
The frequency of capital punishments inconsistent with justice, sound policy, and religion. 1762?
A sermon [preached before] the governors of the Magdalen Charity. 1762.
Youth dissuaded from vice; in a discourse. 1763.
Comfort for the afflicted ... with suitable devotions. 1764.
The visitor, by several hands [ed. Dodd]. 2 vols, 1764.
The Holy Bible with a commentary and practical improvements. 3 vols, 1765-70.
A commonplace book to the Bible. 1766.
Mutual knowledge in a future state ... in a sermon. 1766.
Poems. 1767.
The practice of inoculation recommended. A sermon. 1767?
Popery inconsistent with the natural rights of man in general, and of Englishmen in particular. A sermon. 1768.
Cautions against Methodism ... in a sermon. 1769.
Reflections on death. 1769.
A sermon ... preached before the ... governors of the Magdalen Hospital. 1769.
Sermons to young men. 3 vols, 1771.
The prisoner released. A sermon. 1772.
Compassion to infants enforced, in a sermon. 1773.
An oration delivered at the dedication of Free-Mason's Hall. 1776.
A sermon ... before the humane society. 1776.
The convict's address to his unhappy brethren. 1777.
Occasional papers, by the late William Dodd [with Samuel Johnson]. 1777.
A sermon preached by Dr. Dodd in the Chapel of Newgate to his unhappy brethren [with Samuel Johnson]. 1777.
Thoughts in prison, in five parts. 1777.
The beauties of history: or pictures of virtue and vice. 1795.
A journey from Margate ... in the year 1763 in Waldron, A collection of miscellaneous poetry. 1802.
Moral pastorals and other poems. 1824.